[The Epoch Times, November 21, 2023]Kang Sheng is a notorious “political thug” in the century-old history of the Chinese Communist Party. He was vicious, cruel and had no bottom line. According to Mao Zedong’s intention, he created a large number of unjust, false and wrong cases and harmed countless people.
Kang Sheng was promoted twice
Kang Sheng was promoted and promoted by Mao Zedong twice in his life: the first time was during the Yan’an Rectification Period; the second time was during the Cultural Revolution.
In 1942, Mao launched the Yan’an Rectification Movement with the purpose of establishing Mao’s core leadership position within the Communist Party of China. Mao’s Yan’an rectification mainly relied on the General Study Committee of the Central Committee, with Mao as director and Kang Sheng as deputy director.
After the Yan’an Rectification achieved Mao’s goals, Kang Sheng was promoted by Mao to be a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China at the Seventh National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 1945.
In 1966, Mao launched the Cultural Revolution with the purpose of ensuring Mao’s authoritarian status within the Chinese Communist Party. In the early days of Mao’s launch of the Cultural Revolution, he mainly relied on the Central Cultural Revolution Group. Mao’s wife Jiang Qing served as the deputy leader of the Central Cultural Revolution Group, and Kang Sheng served as the consultant of the Central Cultural Revolution Group.
As Mao Zedong’s political opponents Liu Shaoqi and others were defeated one after another, Kang Sheng’s official position grew bigger and bigger.
From the Eleventh Plenary Session of the Eighth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in August 1966 to the Tenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 1973, Kang Sheng was promoted and re-appointed by Mao as a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China, Secretary of the Secretariat of the Central Committee, and Vice Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China; At the National People’s Congress, Kang Sheng was promoted and promoted by Mao to Vice Chairman of the National People’s Congress.
Kang Sheng died of illness in Beijing on December 16, 1975.
Why was Kang Sheng able to be reused by Mao Zedong?
There are three main reasons:
First, he took care of Mao’s two sons when he was in the Soviet Union.
Mao Zedong and his second wife Yang Kaihui had three sons: Mao Anying, Mao Anying, and Mao Anylong.
After Yang Kaihui was killed in Changsha in November 1930, Mao’s three sons wandered to Shanghai. Soon, Mao Anlong died of illness. Mao Anying and Mao Anying lived in the home of Dong Jianwu, an underground member of the Communist Party of China who used his identity as a pastor as a cover.
In early July 1936, Yang Chengfang, an underground member of the Communist Party of China who worked in the Shanghai Red Worker, was ordered to send Mao Anying and Mao Anying to the Soviet Union.
They boarded the French cruise ship Controsso in Shanghai, passed through Hong Kong, Saigon, Mumbai, the Suez Canal, and the Mediterranean Sea, and arrived in Marseille, France, in early August.
Afterwards, Kang Sheng, deputy head of the CCP delegation to the Comintern, made a special trip from Moscow to Marseille, took Mao Anying and Mao Anying to the Soviet Union, and arranged them to the Monino Second International Children’s Hospital on the outskirts of Moscow.
At that time, Mao Anying was 14 years old and Mao Anying was 13 years old. When Kang Sheng was in the Soviet Union, he gave Mao’s two sons a lot of care and attention. Kang Sheng’s greetings made the two brothers, who had lacked father’s love since childhood, suffered a lot, suffered a lot, and were in a foreign country, feel particularly warm.
These news reached Mao’s ears, which made Mao feel good about Kang Sheng.
Second, he supported Mao Zedong’s marriage to Jiang Qing.
In November 1938, 45-year-old CCP leader Mao Zedong married 24-year-old Jiang Qing, a third-rate Shanghai actor, in a cave dwelling in Yan’an.
Jiang Qing was not that old at the time, but he was a veteran in love. At the age of 15, she married Pei Minglun, a son of a wealthy family in Jinan; at the age of 18, she lived with Yu Qiwei (Huang Jing), a son from a wealthy family in Qingdao; at the age of 22, she married the famous screenwriter Tang Na in Shanghai; she soon fell out with Tang Na, and first rekindled her old relationship with Yu Qiwei and eloped. , and later lived together with the famous director Zhang Ming, which led to Tang Na’s two suicide attempts in Jinan and Shanghai, and Zhang Ming’s wife and children were separated.
Jiang Qing’s romantic affair was published by major newspapers and periodicals in Shanghai, and became a scandal that was talked about in the streets of Shanghai.
Jiang Qing joined the CCP in February 1933 after being introduced by Yu Qiwei in Qingdao. While in Shanghai, she also participated in the activities of the underground party of the Communist Party of China. But in September 1934, she was arrested while meeting with underground party member A Le. After being detained for more than two months, Jiang Qing was released.
Many people in Yan’an knew about Jiang Qing’s erotic scandal in Shanghai and her arrest. At that time, many people in the CCP opposed the marriage between Mao and Jiang.
According to Mao Zedong’s Russian translator Zhe, at that time, Kang Sheng single-handedly facilitated the marriage between Mao and Jiang.
Kang Sheng and Jiang Qing are fellow villagers in Zhucheng, Shandong. In November 1937, when Jiang Qing had been in Yan’an for three months, Kang Sheng returned to Yan’an from Moscow.
In Yan’an, Kang Sheng was appointed Minister of Social Affairs of the Central Committee, Minister of the Central Intelligence Department, President of the Central Party School, and was additionally appointed as Secretary of the Secretariat of the Central Committee. Kang Sheng’s wife, Cao Yiou, serves as director of the Cadre Department of the Central Party School.
Kang Sheng and Jiang Qing, two fellow villagers, were particularly cordial when they met. At that time, Kang Sheng saw that Jiang Qing was young, beautiful, lively and cute, so he thought of using Jiang Qing to build a promotion ladder for himself.
Shi Zhe recalled: “Not long after I returned to China, Kang Sheng told me: To improve social relations and establish friendship in China, there are two magic weapons: one is to teach. Being a teacher can provide students all over the world. The Chinese are ‘a “A day is a teacher, a life is a father.’ Students will naturally support you, unlike the Soviets who have a weak teacher-student relationship. The second is to introduce wives to others.”
“Jiang Qing came to Yan’an in the autumn and winter of 1937 and studied at Lu Xun Art Institute. It was Kang Sheng who arranged for Jiang Qing to meet Chairman (Mao).”
Kang Sheng first invited Jiang Qing to play in Zaoyuan where he lived. Soon after, Jiang Qing was transferred from Luyi to the Central Party School to study, and a small class was specially organized with five or six female classmates including Jiang Qing, Zhang Ruzhi, and Xu Ming. This class is directly managed by Kang Sheng’s wife, Cao Yiou.
“Kang Sheng asked Jiang Qing to take the initiative to find Chairman (Mao). Without Kang Sheng’s instructions, Jiang Qing would not be so bold. Without Kang Sheng’s arrangements, Jiang Qing would not be able to enter Chairman (Mao)’s residence.”
“Jiang Qing told me that it was Kang Sheng who talked to her and said: Chairman (Mao) is alone and has no one to take care of him in his life. You should take care of him.”
At that time, Mao’s wife He Zizhen had a falling out with Mao because of his close relationship with a beautiful Chinese woman named Wu Lili and an American woman named Smedley. She had left Yan’an and arrived in Xi’an, preparing to go to the Soviet Union. This just gave Jiang Qing the opportunity to “take advantage of the opportunity”.
Jiang Qing listened to Kang Sheng’s words and started to get close to Mao by helping Mao tidy up the room and clean the house. In the 45th year of Mao’s reign, He Zizhen, Wu Lili, and Smedley were three women in a drama, causing a great deal of trouble. Later, all three women left Yan’an, and he felt unbearably lonely. Suddenly, an attractive girl appeared in front of him, and his mood improved greatly.
Mao is inherently lustful. Jiang Qing took the initiative to get close to him, how could he let him go? From time to time, Jiang Qing sometimes stayed out at night, staying at Mao’s place instead of going back to the Central Party School.
After learning about the love affair between Mao and Jiang, some of Jiang’s classmates at the Central Party School, such as Wang Shiying, the former head of the Central Special Branch in Shanghai, jointly wrote a letter to Zhang Wentian, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, firmly opposing Mao’s marriage to Jiang Qing.
Some CCP officials in other places, such as Jiangsu Provincial Party Committee Secretary Liu Xiao, also sent telegrams to Yan’an to oppose the marriage between Mao and Jiang. Zhang Wentian also opposed the marriage between Mao and Jiang.
At this time, Kang Sheng firmly stood on Mao’s side and supported Mao’s marriage to Jiang Qing. This made Mao have more trust in Kang Sheng.
Third, he was good at doing what Mao Zedong wanted.
During the Yan’an period, there was a fierce power struggle between Wang Ming, a representative of the “Students in the Soviet Union faction” of the CCP, and Mao Zedong, a representative of the “local faction of the CCP”.
The result of the struggle was: Wang Ming was defeated and Mao Zedong won.
Kang Sheng was originally one of the members of the “Students who stayed in the Soviet Union” headed by Wang Ming. When Wang Ming was the head of the delegation of the Communist Party of China to the Communist International, Kang Sheng was the deputy head of the delegation. He always followed Wang Ming and carried the sedan chair for Wang Ming.
However, when he saw in Yan’an that Wang Ming was dead and Mao’s core leadership position in the CCP was recognized by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, he immediately stood on Mao’s side and made trouble for Wang Ming.
According to He Fang, who later served as Zhang Wentian’s secretary, at a cadre meeting of the Northwest Bureau at the end of 1941, Kang Sheng said that when he was in Moscow, he opposed Wang Ming’s line and fought against Wang Ming; and Wang Ming had always suppressed Him, attack him, exclude him.
Kang Sheng quickly sided with Mao. In addition to the two things mentioned above, he quickly won Mao’s trust. He was appointed by Mao as deputy director of the General Academic Committee of the Central Committee, taking leadership of the party’s rectification movement.
After the founding of the Communist Party of China in 1949, Kang Sheng lost to Rao Shushi when he competed for the first secretary of the East China Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. Rao became the first secretary of the East China Bureau, and Kang Sheng became the second secretary. After that, Kang Sheng claimed to be ill for a long time and waited for the opportunity to make a comeback.
In 1954, Mao Zedong launched an “anti-party alliance between Gao Gang and Rao Shushi”, and Kang Sheng’s “political enemy” Rao Shushi was defeated.
After the fall of Rao Shushi, the root cause of Kang Sheng’s “illness” was immediately eliminated. In 1956, after six years of “hibernation”, Kang Sheng came back and was elected as an alternate member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China at the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China.
At that time, Kang Sheng heard that Mao Zedong was going to spend more energy on theoretical research, so he tried every means to dress himself up as a “theoretical authority” to get close to Mao.
In March 1957, Kang Sheng was appointed deputy leader of the Central Cultural and Educational Group. In March 1959, he was appointed deputy director of the editorial board of “Selected Works of Mao Zedong”.
Kang Sheng also suggested setting up a theoretical group under the Central Cultural and Educational Group, with himself as the leader. In the second half of 1959, Kang Sheng also took charge of the work of the Central Party School. In this way, Kang Sheng took control of the leadership of the CCP’s theoretical work.
The highlight of Kang Sheng’s theoretical work was cultivating Mao’s personality.
In the summer of 1958, when Kang Sheng gave a report to political teachers at the Beijing Concert Hall, he said that “Mao Zedong Thought is the pinnacle of Marxism-Leninism.” In December 1959, he said at the cadre conference of the Academy of Military Sciences and the Higher Military Academy that among the fraternal parties, “the most obvious, most outstanding, and most comprehensive development of Marxism is Mao Zedong.”
On January 4, 1960, Kang Sheng instructed the person in charge of the Central Party School: Mao Zedong Thought is the “highest and final standard.” Students of the Central Party School “must study Mao’s works first, and then study Marxist-Leninist works,” and even proposed that studying Marxist-Leninist works should also “take Mao Zedong Thought as the key link.”
Another focus of Kang Sheng’s theoretical work was to cooperate with Mao in his bid to become the leader of the international communist movement and organize the drafting of the “Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party of the Soviet Union” in the process of opposing “CPSU revisionism.”
In the “Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party of the Soviet Union”, the writing team led by Kang Sheng summarized “the theory of continuing revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat” for Mao. This is the most important theoretical basis for Mao to initiate the Cultural Revolution.
Fourth, he behaves cruelly and ruthlessly.
In 1924, after Kang Sheng graduated from a missionary middle school in Qingdao, he was admitted to the Department of Social Sciences of Shanghai University and changed his name to Zhao Rong. According to Kang Sheng’s resume, during this period of study, he joined the Communist Party of China in 1925. After graduating from university, Kang Sheng began to engage in underground activities of the CCP, working in the CCP Special Branch, including participating in the assassination of more than ten people in the family of Gu Shunzhang, the leader of the CCP Special Branch.
In 1934, the second year after Kang Sheng arrived in Moscow, Kirov, a member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party, was assassinated. Stalin took this opportunity to launch a great purge movement.
From 1934 to 1937, Kang Sheng personally experienced Stalin’s great purges and learned many methods of punishing people.
During this period, the CCP delegation to the Comintern set up an office for Wang Ming and Kang Sheng to list charges and impose charges such as “Trotskyist”, “international spy”, “Japanese spy”, “Kuomintang spy”, “suspected spy” etc. On charges, a group of CCP members and students who went to the Soviet Union from China were labeled as counterrevolutionaries and sentenced to imprisonment, exile, forced labor, or even death.
Five people including Wu Fu who were sent to the Soviet Union by Shanghai Special Branch, and three other early officials of the Communist Youth League of the Communist Party of China, including Yu Xiusong, were framed and killed by Wang and Kang; the early leader of the Communist Party of China, Li Lisan, was sentenced to severe punishment; the early leaders of the Chinese Communist Party’s labor movement, Chen Yu and Yang Xiu Feng, He Yimin and others were falsely accused of reeducation through labor; Zhou Dawen, leader of the CCP labor movement, was exiled to the Far East.
During the Yan’an rectification period, Kang Sheng punished people extremely harshly in order to cooperate with Mao’s intentions. To sum up, his methods of punishing people include “making things out of nothing,” labeling them randomly, “grabbing people by their braids,” “beating them with sticks,” and even beating them to death.
He believed that Yan’an was “full of spies” and captured 15,000 spies. According to Li Rui, who later served as Mao Zedong’s secretary, it turned out that there was not even a single agent among them.
Xu Xiangqian, then president of the Anti-Japanese Military and Political University, wrote in his memoirs: “‘Model confession’, ‘collective persuasion’, ‘five-minute persuasion’, ‘individual conversation’, ‘conference report’, ‘grab water radish’ (red on the outside and white on the inside)” ), everything. What is even more ridiculous is the so-called “photography”. During the meeting, they called people one by one to stand on the stage, and everyone took their “photography”. If the expression does not change, it proves that there is no problem; otherwise, it means there is no problem. Suspects and targets of scrutiny. They engage in ‘forced confessions’ and ‘wheel wars’… It’s really appalling.”
In Yan’an, Kang Sheng created a major injustice case in the history of the CCP – the case of Wang Shiwei’s anti-party group. In July 1947, according to Kang Sheng’s instructions, Wang Shiwei was killed.
Three Russians and one Yugoslav were killed together with Wang Shiwei. They originally wanted to pass through Yan’an and try to make a living in Southeast Asia and Australia. After falling into Kang Sheng’s hands, they became confused and wandering ghosts. Their bodies were stuffed into a dry well.
In Yan’an, Kang Sheng even did something so outrageous as “organ harvesting”.
According to “Memoirs of Master Zhe”, he once visited the Heping Hospital in Liushudian, Yan’an. He saw “a male corpse, about 30 years old, soaked in formalin” in a large tank in the hall.
The accompanying head nurse said: “This is for medical dissection. There were originally three of them. One of them has been dissected, and only half of the other one is left. Only this one is complete and has not yet been used… They are all counter-revolutionaries. They are It was approved by Kang Sheng. We don’t know their names or origins at all.”
Shi Zhe asked: “Were they alive when they were brought here?” He replied: “Of course. They were brought here in the name of medical treatment and then dealt with.”
Chen Yun, a veteran of the Chinese Communist Party, once said: “Kang Sheng is a ghost, not a human being.”
Why did Mao promote and reuse Kang Sheng, a man who was “a ghost but not a human being”?
In 2004, The Epoch Times published a series of editorials “Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party” that revealed the mystery: the CCP is a false, evil, fighting, anti-heaven, anti-earth, anti-human, and anti-God and Buddha evil party.
Epoch Times first release
Editor in charge: Gao Yi