On the afternoon of November 15, the Shanghai Municipal Government held a press conference to introduce the “Shanghai City’s Work Plan for Continuous Optimization of the Complete Domestic Waste Classification System” (referred to as the “Work Plan”) and answered reporters’ questions.
By 2025, 98% of the permanent population will consciouslyGarbage classification
Wang Weiren, deputy secretary-general of the Shanghai Municipal Government, said that Shanghai has basically established a comprehensive domestic waste classification system. Classification awareness has been deeply rooted in people’s hearts and classification habits have been generally developed, forming aGarbage classification“Shanghai model”.
Build a life for positivityGarbage classificationIn the upgraded version, the “Work Plan” further clarifies the goals, tasks and related measures.
The first is to highlight “accuracy”. The front end continues to improve the effectiveness of classification, adheres to the guidance of party building, and further enhances the public’s awareness of fulfilling the obligation to classify domestic waste; through the implementation of “four actions” (the action to transform and improve the delivery point, the action to improve the environment, the action to optimize the delivery mode, and the rectification of rural waste) Action) and continue to optimize the classified delivery environment. The middle end will promote the standardization of collection and transportation operations, optimize the delivery and collection model, and deepen the management of operations that disturb people. We will accelerate the improvement of disposal capacity at the terminal end and continue to maintain zero landfill of primary domestic waste.
The second is to highlight “fineness”. The classification should be more refined, and characteristic roads, characteristic neighborhoods, and high-standard cleaning areas should be encouraged to set up finely classified waste bins. Recycling services will be more meticulous, the construction of a number of high-quality service points for recyclable materials recycling will be accelerated, and a number of high-quality transfer stations and distribution centers will be upgraded and renovated. Supervision is more efficient, and through digital empowerment, the entire process of closed-loop management of domestic waste collection and transportation is realized.
The third is to highlight “green and low carbon”. Deeply promote source reduction, promote green catering, advocate the “CD-ROM Action”, reduce excessive packaging in express delivery, takeout, e-commerce and other industries, and promote the formation of a simple, moderate, green and low-carbon social consensus. Achieve in-depth resource utilization, carry out the construction of slag utilization projects, and demonstrate high-value and low-carbon utilization technology of wet garbage and digestate slag, and comprehensively improve the level of resource utilization.
The main contents of the “Work Plan” include three parts: main objectives, work tasks, and safeguard measures. In terms of main goals, five key indicators have been clarified: by 2025, the proportion of the city’s permanent population who consciously fulfills the obligation to classify domestic waste will reach 98%; the compliance rate of domestic waste classification in residential areas and units shall be stable at more than 95%; citizens’ domestic waste classification work The satisfaction rate reaches 96%; the domestic waste source reduction rate reaches more than 5%; the domestic waste recycling rate reaches more than 45%.
In terms of work tasks, six major tasks were clarified.The first is to strengthen social governance and normalize the effectiveness of classification; the second is to optimize the release environment and promote the convenience of classified release; the third is to promote low-carbon transformation and achieve source classification reduction; the fourth is to improve facilities and equipment to achieve systematic classification throughout the entire process; The fifth is to improve the recycling system and increaseJohnson & JohnsonUse live waste as a resource; sixth, strengthen digital empowerment and promote intelligent supervision and management.
In terms of safeguard measures, it is clear to further leverage the role of the joint meeting platform, implement the main responsibilities of domestic waste management of each district government and the responsibilities of relevant government departments, formulate and implement financial support policies, and promote technical research and standard system construction.
In the next step, Shanghai will further improve the comprehensive management system and mechanism of garbage classification, continue to strengthen refined classification, intelligent supervision, systematic management, reduction use, and resource utilization, and continuously promote the quality and efficiency of Shanghai’s garbage classification work to help promote Construction of “ecological city”.
Quantify core indicators and promote waste classification work
There are several core indicators among the main goals of the “Work Plan”, such as the classification compliance rate, recycling rate, etc. What considerations were taken when formulating these indicators?
Deng Jianping, director of the Shanghai Greening and City Appearance Bureau, said that since the implementation of the “Shanghai Domestic Waste Management Regulations”, Shanghai’s domestic waste classification work has achieved certain results, but there are still some weak links. The purpose of formulating the “Work Plan” this time is to adhere to the problem orientation and seek upgrade breakthroughs based on the existing results. Therefore, we have proposed five quantitative core indicators to promote the implementation of the work.
First, focusing on continuously improving the effectiveness of classification, the “Work Plan” clarifies two main indicators: First, the proportion of the city’s permanent population that consciously fulfills the obligation to classify domestic waste. This indicator is calculated by observing residents and villagers’ investment situation. At this stage, the ratio is around 97%, and our goal is to reach 98%. The second is the compliance rate of domestic waste classification in residential areas and units. This indicator examines the classification effectiveness of domestic waste in residential areas (villages) and units, equipment configuration, signs, garbage bin rooms and surrounding environment. For example, whether the garbage bins in the garbage bin room are overflowing are cleared in a timely manner, and whether there are any garbage bins around the garbage bin room. The goal is to stably reach more than 95% of the standards for factors such as no sewage, stains, and whether there are small bags of garbage falling on the ground in the community.
Secondly, in order to further enhance public satisfaction and sense of gain, the “Work Plan” clarifies citizens’ satisfaction indicators for the city’s garbage classification work. At present, we mainly conduct public surveys to the public through mainstream media. At the same time, we use the National People’s Congress, the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, and the member units of the joint meeting to promote the classification and reduction of municipal domestic waste to understand and collect statistics on the lives of various groups in Shanghai where they live or work. Satisfaction with waste sorting work. We envision that on the basis of the current citizen satisfaction level of 95%, we will further increase the level of satisfaction of all sectors of society with the city’s garbage classification work by 1 percentage point to 96%.
Finally, focusing on green, low-carbon and resource utilization, the “Work Plan” clarified two indicators. One is the source reduction rate. This indicator mainly examines the reduction and recyclability of disposable items (such as disposable cups, tableware, disposable daily necessities, office supplies), packaging (such as product packaging, express packaging), and wet waste (farmers’ markets, markets, restaurants) The increase in recycling of recycled materials, compared with 2020, accounts for the proportion of total domestic waste in the same period. The current source reduction rate has exceeded 4%. In the next stage, we will vigorously carry out measures such as resolutely curbing catering waste and packaging reduction and recycling actions to promote the source reduction rate to 5%. The second is the recycling rate of domestic waste. This indicator refers to the amount of recyclables and wet waste that have not been processed in domestic waste incineration and landfill facilities, accounting for the proportion of total domestic waste in the same period. At present, the city’s recycling rate has reached 43%. In the next stage, through the construction of a new batch of resource utilization projects and recycling systems, by the end of the “14th Five-Year Plan”, the city’s recycling rate is expected to reach 45%. In addition, the “Work The Plan also puts forward a higher requirement of 50% for the recycling level in the “Five New Cities” area.
(Source of article: The Paper)
Article source: The Paper
Original title: Shanghai: 98% of the permanent population will consciously separate garbage by 2025. At this stage, the proportion is about 97%
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