China is a big maritime country. Guangdong is a major maritime province, with the longest mainland coastline in the country and 1,963 islands distributed in the vast sea.
In April 2023, General Secretary Xi Jinping made important instructions during his inspection in Guangdong to strengthen the coordination of land and sea, mutual assistance between mountains and seas, strengthen the overall layout of ports, industries and cities, strengthen marine ecological protection, and comprehensively build a strong maritime province. The Third Plenary Session of the 13th Guangdong Provincial Committee held in June emphasized the need to comprehensively promote the construction of a strong maritime province and achieve new breakthroughs in building a new maritime Guangdong.
Following the blue coordinates entrusted by leaders, full of confidence and glory to stand on the wave, since this year, various parts of Guangdong have opened up one “route” to the sea and prospered by the sea, and jointly mobilized to implement the strategy of building a strong maritime province. “Sail” adds “blue power” to Guangdong’s practice of high-quality development and Chinese-style modernization.
In order to deeply present the story of “New Guangdong at Sea” in the new era, better strengthen confidence, stabilize expectations, and promote development, from October 30 to November 5, under the guidance of the Internet Communication Bureau of the Central Cyberspace Affairs Commission and the Cyberspace Administration of Guangdong Provincial Committee, Hosted by Southern News NetworkandThe large-scale online theme publicity event “Looking to the Sea and Seeing Guangdong Strongly” hosted by GDToday News Network will unite more than 100 central, provincial and municipal key online media reporters, as well as experts and scholars in the relevant marine economic field, well-known Internet experts, and self-media creators, etc. It visited and surveyed 14 coastal cities in Guangdong in three routes: east, west and middle. Nanfang Daily, Nanfang.com, Nanfang+, and Guangdong Learning Client will launch “Strong Confidence, Stabilize Expectations, and Promote Development” series of reports on “Strengthening the Sea·Guangdong Observation” from now on. Please pay attention.
Recently, under the guidance of the Internet Communication Bureau of the Central Cyberspace Affairs Commission, sponsored by the Cyberspace Administration of Guangdong Provincial Committee, and hosted by Southern News Network and GDToday News Network, the large-scale online theme publicity event “Looking to the Sea to See Guangdong Strongly” was successfully held.
An interview team of more than 100 people composed of central media, media inside and outside the province, overseas media, experts, and big Vs visited Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou, Huizhou, Shanwei, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, Yangjiang, In 14 cities including Zhanjiang, Maoming, Chaozhou, and Jieyang, we visited more than 70 locations including breeding enterprises, equipment manufacturing enterprises, terminals and ports, offshore new energy projects, comprehensive cultural and tourism projects, and scientific research laboratories. The itinerary spanned a total of 4,000 kilometers of coastline. .
The sound of ship whistles, the scenes full of vitality, the smiling faces of industrial workers… Hai’s article has a lot to offer. Relying on its unique marine resource endowment, Guangdong is accelerating the construction of a strong marine province in an all-round way. The marine space development pattern continues to be optimized. Traditional industries are accelerating the transformation and upgrading. Emerging industries are accelerating the cultivation and growth. The comprehensive strength of the marine economy is constantly improving, becoming the “blue” of Guangdong’s economy. power”.
Promote “hundreds of millions of“
Marine specialty industry strengthens Fucun County
On November 6, an on-site meeting to promote the coordinated development of urban and rural areas was held in Maoming City to promote the “High-Quality Development Project of Hundreds of Counties, Thousands of Towns and Tens of Thousands of Villages” across the province.
Huang Kunming, Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee, emphasized that we must pay close attention to industrial development, comprehensively enhance the comprehensive strength of the county economy, highlight characteristic development and focus on cultivating county advantageous industries, highlight integrated development to accelerate the construction of a county modern industrial system, highlight agglomeration development to accelerate the formation of county industrial clusters, and make the county high-quality Quality development is based on a strong industrial foundation.
At present, the coastal counties of Guangdong rely on their unique marine resource endowments and strive to build the “Guangdong Sea Granary”. They have formed a group of counties that are prosperous, rich and beautiful by the sea, providing strong support for the coordinated development of urban and rural areas. . During this visit, there were many vivid examples of strengthening counties and enriching villages through the development of marine specialty industries, which have “bloomed in more places” along the coast of Guangdong.
In the past two years, Maoming has made full use of the unique coastal ecological resources of China’s No. 1 Beach and Yanjing Ridge to deeply explore the marine cultural heritage, inherit the culture of good intentions, slang people, Danjia, fish merchants, etc., and introduce food, cultural creativity, homestays, etc. On the basis of promoting the in-depth integration of primary, secondary and tertiary industries in Tangxia Village, Danjiaxu will create a new model for rural revitalization that combines fishing, industry, culture and tourism. At present, the per capita disposable income of Tangxia Village has increased from 21,670 yuan in 2021 to 23,616 yuan in 2022, and the village’s collective economic annual income has reached 1.126 million yuan.
Guangdong has always paid special attention to the construction of regional brands, product brands, and corporate brands, and strengthened the marine economy of characteristic counties by identifying more “Cantonese brand” agricultural brands.
In terms of aquaculture, Nansha, Guangzhou has unique endowments. Located in the sea area where salt and fresh water meet, Nansha’s aquatic products have a unique flavor and superior quality. Relying on the unique natural conditions, the high-quality aquatic products produced by Guangzhou Nansha Fishery Industrial Park include Nansha blue crab, Chengyi fresh anhui, monodon prawn, eel, mandarin fish, yellow fin seabream, etc. In 2022, Nansha blue crab, known as “Moutai among crabs”, was approved by the Intellectual Property Office to register as a national geographical indication certification trademark. In the same year, it obtained the National Famous, Special and Excellent New Agricultural Products Certificate.
In Chenzhou Village on the south bank of Changsha Bay, Hongcao Town, Shanwei City, seawater and freshwater also meet here. The microbial resources are very rich, making it a natural “oyster breeding base.” Therefore, the villagers of Chenzhou Village have made a living by raising oysters for generations, and the delicious “Chenzhou Oysters” are also famous.
At present, the oyster breeding area in Chenzhou Village has reached 18,000 acres, forming an industrial system that integrates breeding production, intensive processing, and leisure and tourism. In 2022, the oyster output value of Chenzhou Village will reach 578 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 3.2%; the per capita disposable income of villagers is 74,200 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.3%.
In Haishan Town, Raoping County, Chaozhou, Wanjia Aquatic Products Co., Ltd. cooperated with the South China Sea Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences. The 80 million-yuan fine-breeding farm has introduced more than 1,000 croaker broodstock for seawater adaptability cultivation. This is the first provincial-level fine-breeding farm for sea bass in Guangdong.
Starting from the high-quality sea bass breeding farm, Haishan Town plans to build an aquatic seedling cultivation base, renovate more than 300 family-style nurseries in Haishan Town, and strive to create a “Guangdong Province Seawater Breeding Modern Industrial Park”, striving to produce 10 billion shrimp and fish fry annually. By the end of the year, the annual output value reached 120 million yuan.
Fine perch breeding farm.
There are more than 170 abalone factory farms along the coast of Huilai County, Jieyang, with a breeding water volume of 1.28 million cubic meters, an area of about 5,000 acres, an annual output of more than 4 billion seedlings, and more than 2,000 tons of finished abalone. With an output value of more than 1.5 billion yuan, Baomiao is mainly sold to Fujian, Guangdong and other places.
At present, the delicious “Huilai abalone” has become well-known, and the abalone industry has become a local specialty industry. A complete industrial chain has been formed in abalone seed breeding, abalone farming, processing, frozen storage, transportation and distribution, etc., and has become a local rural area. an important force for revitalization.
Break through the “stuck neck”
Major scientific research results continue to emerge
Achieving high-level scientific and technological self-reliance and self-reliance is the key to China-style modernization. Guangdong has deeply implemented the innovation-driven development strategy, strengthened the construction of the regional innovation system, continuously improved its independent innovation capabilities around key links such as equipment manufacturing, seedling cultivation, breeding production, processing and circulation, and brand cultivation, and achieved a project on key core technical problems. A major breakthrough.
The Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Provincial Laboratory (Zhuhai) is led by the Zhuhai Municipal People’s Government and Sun Yat-sen University takes the lead in construction and management. It has been laid out and constructed around the three major research areas of marine environment and resources, marine engineering and technology, and marine humanities and archeology. 18 innovative research teams have achieved a series of innovative results in scientific frontiers, key core technologies and practical applications of major projects, serving the construction of a national maritime power and regional social and economic development.
The laboratory pioneered the first intelligent unmanned system to support mother ships, developed a new generation of earth system models, clarified the environmental capacity of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, developed submarine smart optical cable technology, predicted climate variability, and developed the “two fish and one shrimp” green and healthy breeding model. wait.
In terms of seedling selection and breeding, in 2002, with the approval of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Hengxing Group invested in the construction of the “863 Base” on Donghai Island, Zhanjiang. The total investment of this project is 220 million yuan. It is a comprehensive research and development platform integrating seedlings, aquatic feed, breeding, animal health, etc. The main species include vannamei, red crayfish, golden pomfret, grouper, cobia, Ma Youyu et al.
For a long time, the base has been carrying out breeding work on white shrimps, including White Penaeus vannamei, and has cooperated with Sun Yat-sen University to combat the white spot disease in shrimps.comprehensivevirus (WSSV) as the breeding direction. After 1 generation of group breeding and 5 generations of family selection, the first nationally recognized disease-resistant variety of P. vannamei, “Zhongxing 1”, was obtained, filling the gap in China’s P. vannamei breeding shrimp. , to solve the “stuck neck” problem of shrimp species restricted by foreign countries.
There are also new breakthroughs in the research, development and manufacturing of marine equipment. In Jiangmen, the world’s largest wide-flat, shallow-draft semi-submersible barge, the “Sihang Yongxing”, was successfully built. Thanks to its shallow draft, the “Sihang Yongxing” can not only meet the dispatch and transportation needs among the world’s oceans, but can also reach shallow ports and estuaries where large barges cannot go deep for operations.
The ship “Sihang Yongxing”.Photo by Zhang Qida
In Mayong Town, Dongguan, Guangdong COSCO Shipping Heavy Industry Co., Ltd. successfully built the “Nankun”, which is the first megawatt-level floating wave energy power generation device independently developed in China, marking the official entry of China’s megawatt-level wave energy power generation technology. Engineering application stage. The device can convert wave energy into electrical energy. Under full load conditions, it can generate 24,000 kilowatt hours per day, which is equivalent to the daily electricity consumption of 3,500 households. It is known as the “sea power bank”. Due to its excellent technology, Guangdong COSCO Shipping Heavy Industry’s ship repair and modification business has been growing year by year, with customers all over Southeast Asia, Europe and the United States.
Laying out the “Port City”
High-quality projects gather rapidly in Lingang
Ports not only play a “channel role” in foreign trade. Nowadays, the agglomeration effect of Guangdong’s port industries has become increasingly prominent. A big city meets a big port. Now that it has become a consensus to “strengthen towards the sea”, coastal cities in Guangdong are paying more and more attention to the in-depth integrated development of “ports, industries and cities”, “using the port to gather industry, using industry to develop the city, and using the city to promote industry” There are numerous success stories.
In the Shenzhen-Shantou Cooperation Zone, the “Port-Industry-City” model promotes the strong alliance between BYD and Shenzhen Port to accelerate the “going global” of domestically produced new energy vehicles. Shenzhen’s first “Greater Bay Area Combination Port” model in the country has now opened 30 lines, covering nearly 90% of the cities in the Greater Bay Area. It has helped the smoothness and stability of the industrial chain and supply chain in the Greater Bay Area, and also enhanced the international status of Shenzhen Port. Transit port and global hub port status.
The sea in Maoming Jeddah Port Area is blue and very peaceful. This is an important part of Maoming Port, an important basis for the development of port-facing industries in Maoming City, and an important support for the development and construction of Maoming Binhai New Area.
With the “main skeleton” of green chemicals, new materials and new energy industries, a modern green chemical industrial park has emerged in the port area. In the industrial park, the Donghua Energy (Maoming) project plans a total investment of 100 billion yuan, which will be implemented in three phases. The first phase has a total investment of 40 billion yuan, with the “propane-propylene-polypropylene” industrial chain as the main line, and the development of polypropylene. , carbon fiber, and composite materials as the core characteristic new materials industry, and is committed to building the world’s largest polypropylene base.
Polypropylene products have a wide range of application scenarios, including building materials, home furnishings, automobiles, aviation, aerospace, food, maternal and infant products, pharmaceutical industry applications, etc. At present, many grades of polypropylene produced by this project have reached the international advanced level.
In Huizhou Daya Bay Petrochemical Industrial Zone, the excellent geographical location has attracted many domestic and foreign petrochemical companies to “settlement” here. At present, the industrial zone has gathered 13 Fortune 500 companies and 65 chemical companies from more than 20 countries and regions, achieving a production capacity of 22 million tons/year of oil refining and 2.2 million tons/year of ethylene, and a refining and chemical integration scale Ranking among the best in the country. In 2022, the petrochemical zone will achieve an output value of 242.5 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 28.1%.
Yangjiang Zhapo National Central Fishing Port covers an area of 1.4 square kilometers. It currently has a capacity of 1,500 fishing boats. Fishing boats enter the port 15,000 times a year. The annual aquatic product trading volume is 80,000 tons, with a transaction volume of 1 billion yuan. Next, Zhapo Fishing Port will be further upgraded and transformed into a world-class fishing port.
In recent years, Yangjiang has accelerated the construction of fishing ports, cultivated a number of leading cold chain logistics enterprises, built a number of cold chain logistics warehousing support bases, built marine ranch land-based industry supporting industrial parks, strived to improve the infrastructure for the modern development of fisheries, and solidly promoted the development of fishing ports. Upgrade and build port and channel dredging projects, and build an integrated land-based support system for feed processing, warehousing and logistics, shore-based port terminals, and breeding equipment manufacturing and maintenance.
Yangjiang Zhapo National Central Fishing Port.Photo by Zhang Qida
Painting a “Green Picture Scroll”
Marine Economy GreenTransformation and development
At present, Guangdong places the construction of ecological civilization in a prominent position in the overall work, and solidly promotes the ecological construction of green and beautiful Guangdong. The quality of the ecological environment continues to improve, and green has increasingly become the distinctive background and surging momentum of high-quality development. Green farming, green energy, green manufacturing…the modern Guangdong model of harmonious coexistence between man and nature is being accelerated.
The existing mangrove area in Zhanjiang Mazhang District is 2,115.19 hectares, which is one of the areas with the most types of mangroves on the coast of mainland my country. Huang Zhichao, Secretary of the Party Committee of Huguang Town, Mazhang District, said that this year, Zhanjiang City’s marine ecological protection and restoration project received 300 million yuan in central funding support. Next, this part of the funds will be used to further expand the area of mangroves and further improve the mangrove area. Forest planting, guarding this mangrove like eyes.
He also mentioned that mangroves have great marine ecological value and can greatly promote local farming. The villagers unanimously hope to protect the mangroves well, exert greater economic benefits, and promote the high-quality development of the local breeding industry through the understory economy.
In Zhongshan, the “jacket fan + cage” integrated wind and fishery equipment independently developed and designed by Mingyang Enterprise was put into operation at Mingyang Yangjiang Qingzhou Sihai Wind Farm. It uses the wind turbine jacket as a supporting platform and is equipped with a high-performance net clothing system. and intelligent breeding system, forming a “wind fishing” integrated intelligent equipment that integrates offshore wind power generation and deep-sea breeding, which can effectively improve the level of conservation and intensive development of sea area resources, reduce resource development costs, and increase the overall income of the project. Its breeding water body is about 5,000 cubic meters and can raise about 150,000 fish, enabling unattended and unattended deep-sea breeding.
At present, Mingyang Enterprises has carried out new energy technology cooperation and business in more than 30 countries, including South Korea, Japan, the Philippines, Vietnam, Pakistan, and Brazil, and promoted the joint construction of “One Belt, One Road” green new development.
“Rainbow Sea” has become one of the must-see attractions for tourists traveling to Nan’ao Island.
On the sea surface of Nan’ao Island in Shantou, colorful ecological floating balls flutter in the wind from time to time. From a distance, they look like rainbows falling over the sea, which is very romantic. In 2020, Nan’ao County will replace the entire oyster farm with colorful ecological floating balls. They are made of PET material, which can block ultraviolet rays and weave the sea into a vast and colorful oyster farm, which not only improves the quality of oyster farming, but also contributes to the protection of the marine ecological environment. The “Rainbow Sea” on Nan’ao Island has also become an Internet celebrity attraction, attracting many tourists to check in.
Currently, the entire Nan’ao Island’s oyster breeding area has exceeded 20,000 acres, with an annual output of more than 30,000 tons and an annual output value of 250 million yuan. It is currently the largest large-scale oyster breeding base in Guangdong Province.
Chief planner: Hou Xiaojun
Presidential candidate: Jin Qiang and Zhang Chunqing
Planning: Li Lin, Yuan Peiru and Zhu Jing
Written by: Chen Weifeng
Video: Xu Mengmeng
Executive: Su Ruoqian, Han Wei, Zeng Wenyu, Owen Heng, Liu Yuqian, Zhang Hanqing
Design: Li Jiangrui, Zhang Qida, Yang Chenyue, Wang Wanying
Proofreading: Lai Yuqing