Original title: Let every student enjoy fair and high-quality education, Chongqing does this | Xinghuo Broadcast
The report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China clearly stated that “accelerating the high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education and urban-rural integration”, and this year’s government work report also proposed to “accelerate the construction of a high-quality education system and promote the high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education and urban-rural integration.”Today, let’s take a look at the education micro-enterpriseChongqingHow to stimulate the vitality of the teaching team by creating high-quality education clusters so that every student can enjoy fair and high-quality education——
Teachers from the education cluster of Shuren Jingrui Primary School in Shapingba District, Chongqing are preparing lessons.Photo by Xu Chongjun
Systematic accounting of the population structure, overall planning of school layout, and unified allocation of high-quality educational resources… The Chongqing Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government have always regarded improving people’s educational satisfaction and building an educationally strong city as the “number one livelihood project.”
Solidly promote the “Chongqing Three-Year Action Plan to Accelerate the High-quality and Balanced Development of Compulsory Education (2021-2023)”, increase the number of students, strengthen the team, promote reform, improve quality, and provide excellent services. The consolidation rate of Chongqing’s nine-year compulsory education reached 95.79%. The enrollment rates of primary schools and junior high schools exceed the national average, and four districts, including Shapingba District, have been selected as national pioneer zones for the high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education.
“Our goal is to promote equitable development and quality improvement as the central task, and strive to make up for shortcomings and strengths and weaknesses, so that every child can have a public degree and enjoy high-quality public education resources.” Chongqing Municipal Party Committee Education Liu Yanbing, Secretary of the Working Committee and Director of the Municipal Education Commission, said.
“We regularly organize and carry out class teacher training for grades one to nine and interdisciplinary teaching and research across years to better integrate the primary school and junior high school, implement quality education in the compulsory education stage with high quality, and promote the overall physical education of students in the school. .” Liu Xiya, Secretary of the Party Committee of Xiejiawan School in Jiulongpo District, Chongqing, introduced that the school promotes the achievement of high-quality balance among schools within the group and promotes regional High-quality and balanced development of education allows people to enjoy high-quality educational resources at their doorsteps.
As a key project of the three-year action plan for the high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education in Chongqing, Jiulongpo District has established 10 education groups, 5 education development communities, and 8 paired assistance groups in the form of leading schools, group linkage, and pairing promotion to achieve Full coverage of primary and secondary schools.
In order to expand the supply of urban degrees, Chongqing has strengthened its incremental layout planning of high-quality urban and rural primary and secondary schools in districts and counties, and established a new pattern of coordinated development of compulsory education in “one district and two groups”. Since the establishment of districts and counties for high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education across the country, districts and counties in Chongqing have invested a total of 52.58 billion yuan to build 11.716 million square meters of new school buildings, repair and renovate 8.616 million square meters of school buildings, and create 562,000 new degrees.
Such a large scale of construction and such a fast construction speed are not easy.
To this end, Chongqing has launched a series of “hard-core” measures: joint responsibility contracting, where the main leaders of the government personally take command, deploy, and supervise operations; military orders are posted on the wall, listing “operational maps” and timetables, and each unit and department issues military orders , arrange the processes forward and the construction period backwards; standardize the operation, show progress, compare practices, and highlight achievements; advance at a high level to create a new cluster of first-class quality schools with strong hardware, excellent software, and beautiful environment…
Li Jinyu, member of the Education Working Committee of the Chongqing Municipal Party Committee and deputy director of the Municipal Education Commission, introduced that the Chongqing Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government insist on incorporating the construction of a strong education city into the “six major actions”. Monthly special research advances the progress, requiring finding the best location, equipping with the best hardware, selecting the best principal, attracting the best teachers, providing the best education, and truly giving priority to education.
In the past 10 years, the number of compulsory education schools in Liangjiang New District, Chongqing has increased from 26 to 55, and the number of students has increased from 39,000 to 93,000.
As a new urban area in Chongqing, Liangjiang New Area has a high net population inflow, and the speed of implementation of school planning, construction, reconstruction and expansion projects is like a difficult test question, facing Liangjiang New Area. In the past three years, Liangjiang New District has built 12 new schools, invested 1.35 billion yuan to renovate and expand 15 schools, and will build 10 more schools within two years.
“However, the construction period for the opening of new schools is too long, and the people can’t wait, and the children can’t afford to wait. In this land of development where every inch of land is precious, we are determined to build new schools one by one, and transform weak schools into strong ones. One school, so that the high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education can better benefit the people.” Li Tingyi, secretary of the Education Working Committee of Liangjiang New Area and director of the Education Bureau, said.
Since the implementation of the three-year action plan for the high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education, the Chongqing Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government have launched a series of “combination punches” in education reform and development: investing heavily in building schools, recruiting teachers on a large scale, vigorously standardizing governance, and expanding and improving quality on a large scale. . “Chongqing education has moved from making up for shortcomings in the past to entering a new stage of high-quality development.” Li Jinyu said.
A number of measures to strengthen teachers and benefit teachers stimulate teachers’ inner vitality
Teacher construction is a “software” project in education reform and development. In Chongqing, education “software” is harder than “hardware”.
“I successfully enrolled my child in Shuren Heping Primary School. I heard that the teachers were sent by Shuren Jingrui Primary School Headquarters. We parents are very relieved that we can go to a good school close to home.” said Huayuan Hailan Heguang Community, located in Shapingba District. A parent said that this brand-new public primary school is a “high-quality primary school at the doorstep” in the eyes of surrounding residents.
“When the school was founded, we were a member school of Shuren Education Group, and teachers relied on the main school for their growth. Now, we have become the main school of Shuren Jingrui Primary School Education Cluster, and our teachers are the ‘supporters’ of teachers from other member schools.” Li Hua, principal of Shuren Jingrui Primary School, said.
Deng Shimin, Secretary of the Party Committee of Fengmingshan Middle School in Chongqing, introduced that in order to make high-quality educational resources from “point” to “surface”, the school and the experimental middle school in the district jointly built a “legal person coordinated” education cluster, and established it with three schools including Shangqiao Middle School A “brand-led” education cluster and a “project-driven” education cluster were established with 5 primary schools. “We have a total of 36 teachers and 11 management cadres who have communicated within the cluster and have jointly built 3 city-level curriculum innovation bases and 12 city-level quality courses. All course resources have been shared and co-created.” Deng Shimin explain.
“As a pioneer district in creating high-quality and balanced compulsory education in the country, Shapingba District adheres to the principle of balance as the main line, quality as the core, and reform as the driving force. By improving the dynamic management mechanism of teacher staffing, improving the teaching review system, and establishing a personal portfolio of teachers’ ethics and style and teaching performance portfolios, implement the ‘five-level pyramid’ talent training model, and promote exchanges between teachers in urban and rural areas and disadvantaged schools.” said Liu Jianhua, secretary of the Education Working Committee of the Shapingba District Committee and director of the District Education Committee.
“Coordinate and integrate resources to fill the teacher gap.” Li Jinyu said that in recent years, Chongqing has looked for problems at the “roots” of teacher growth and solved problems one by one such as insufficient training and limited development space.
At the same time, teacher recruitment in Chongqing is also in full swing. Chongqing will recruit nearly 17,000 primary and secondary kindergarten teachers in 2020, 9,598 primary and secondary kindergarten teachers in 2021, more than 10,000 primary and secondary kindergarten teachers in 2022, and a total of more than 30,000 teachers have joined in the past three years. In order to ensure the safety of schools Education and teaching work has laid a solid foundation.
“100% of our teachers are undergraduate normal graduates, more than 15% are outstanding master’s students, and more than 5% are municipal backbone teachers…” As a municipal backbone principal, the principal of Renhe Street Primary School in Konggang New City, Yubei District After many rounds of screening, Chen Yi recruited a group of outstanding teachers to join the school.
In recent years, Chongqing has also established a “targeted evaluation and targeted use” system for senior positions in rural schools to support the evaluation of rural teachers’ professional titles, promote the reform of teachers’ “county-managed school recruitment” and other systems, and promote the transfer of teachers from urban schools to rural schools and from high-quality schools to Weak school mobility.
Breaking inter-school barriers to achieve high-quality resource synthesis and radiation
“We use one subject leader to enable all subject teachers in the nine campuses to grow.” Feng Xiaoxu, secretary of the Party Committee of Nanping Experimental Primary School Education Group, was deeply moved when talking about the “pairing”. “In practice, the nine campuses have achieved great results in subject teaching and research. We have achieved the highest efficiency in terms of education, teacher training, resource sharing, etc. It is easy for everyone to find the ‘greatest common denominator’ and develop together like partners.”
In recent years, Nan’an District, where Nanping Experimental Primary School is located, has adopted models such as “one school with multiple schools”, “entrusted management”, “merger and integration” and “group school running” to optimize and integrate 16 compulsory education groups, covering 105,000 students, providing high-quality The educational resource coverage rate and student benefit rate both reached 100%, achieving full coverage of public schools. Each school relies on resource sharing, teacher growth, and academic linkage to achieve high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education on a higher platform. Nanping Experimental Primary School Education Group is one of them.
In Feng Xiaoxu’s view, group school running is an “accelerator” to promote high-quality and balanced compulsory education. The key is the sharing, co-construction and joint learning of high-quality resources. “Collective school running can allow new campuses to develop rapidly and provide opportunities for the integrated development of urban and rural education. A wide space”.
“The construction of high-quality schools cannot be completed by one school independently. Group (school district) school running is an important starting point to achieve high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education.” Xiang Bin, director of the Basic Education Department of the Chongqing Municipal Education Commission, said that cooperation between schools Sharing and developing a school community play an important role in promoting the progress of different schools. “On the one hand, we allow different schools with the same school-running tradition to form a development community, which allows for brand sharing and personalized development; on the other hand, we break down inter-school barriers, Let all schools in the compulsory education stage join the alliance to realize the radiation promotion and synthesis and regeneration of high-quality resources.”
Real teaching, real help, real implementation, and real innovation will allow high-quality educational resources to radiate to more schools. “Nan’an District has been selected as a national pioneer zone for the high-quality and balanced development of compulsory education. We have the responsibility and obligation to drive more schools to grow into good schools at the doorsteps of ordinary people.” said Li Zhi, Secretary of the Education Working Committee of the Nan’an District Committee and Director of the District Education Committee .
“We give school-level leaders at each school site two identities, one as school people and the other as group people.” Zuo Rong, secretary of the Party Committee of Tiantaigang Primary School Education Group, said, “Our goal is to use big party building to lead the team, and to use big party building to lead the team. Use resources to build university courses, use university teaching and research to promote university education, and realize that each school in the group has its own beauty and shares the same beauty.”
Today, Chongqing’s rural schools are becoming stronger, urban schools are better, and urban and rural education are developing in a coordinated and integrated manner, forming a new pattern of high-quality and balanced development of education.
“We regard educational equity as the direction of high-quality development.” Liu Yanbing said that as the various educational commitments of the Chongqing Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government to the masses are gradually realized, the people have personally felt the determination and determination of the Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government to focus on education. We have enjoyed the phased results of building a strong educational city, and our educational satisfaction has continued to improve.
Text | Yang Guoliang Liu Yong
Source | “China Education News” November 20, 2023
More educational information
Please press and hold to identify the QR code below
Download China Education Publishing Client-