Original title: To ensure that the broad masses of the people live and work in peace and contentment and have a warm winter (People’s Eye·Post-disaster recovery and reconstruction)
The newly built house of Zhao Zhishan, a villager in Longwangmiao Village, Laojieji Township, Shangzhi City, Heilongjiang Province.Photo by Sun Jian
Zhao Zhishan’s house was destroyed by water.Photo by Ren Chunyan
Overview of the off-site reconstruction project of Xinkai Village, Kaiyuan Town, Shulan City, Jilin.Photo by Shi Tianjiao
At Shilou Middle School in Fangshan District, Beijing, students from Xiacun Middle School who board here are eating in the cafeteria.Photo by Cai Yali
During the autumn sowing season, farmers in Diaowo Town, Zhuozhou City, Hebei Province seize the opportunity to sow winter wheat.Photo by Xiong Huaming
During this year’s flood season, extreme rainfall occurred in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and Northeast China, causing floods and geological disasters.
“I am concerned about the disaster-stricken places.” On September 7, General Secretary Xi Jinping set out from Harbin City during his inspection tour in Heilongjiang Province. He transferred from train to bus and rushed all the way to Longwangmiao Village, Laojieji Township, Shangzhi City, which was severely affected by the disaster. , inspecting the reconstruction of rice-damaged and flood-damaged houses.
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that winter in Northeast China comes early and lasts a long time. To ensure that the affected people have a safe and warm winter, local party committees and governments must step up planning and act in advance to take care of food, drink, housing, transportation, employment, education, medical and epidemic prevention and other matters. All matters of production and life of the masses should be considered more carefully and comprehensively, without leaving a single flaw. It is necessary to repair damaged houses as quickly as possible, accelerate post-disaster reconstruction, minimize agricultural losses due to disasters, and ensure the safety and security of the affected people.
On November 10, as winter entered in the north, General Secretary Xi Jinping came to the severely affected areas in Beijing and Hebei to visit and express condolences to the affected people, and to inspect and guide post-disaster recovery and reconstruction work. The General Secretary emphasized that party committees and governments at all levels and all relevant parties must conscientiously implement the decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee, make persistent efforts to restore and rebuild after the disaster, and ensure that the broad masses of the people live and work in peace and contentment and have a warm winter.
Important deployments one after another, care and advice again and again, this uneasy concern is full of the deep affection of people’s supremacy, warms the people affected by the disaster, and transforms into a powerful force for post-disaster recovery and reconstruction.
In order to understand the progress of post-disaster recovery and reconstruction work, the situation of people’s safe and warm winter, and the restoration of production and living order in the disaster areas, reporters recently went to Fangshan District in Beijing, Zhuozhou City in Hebei, Shulan City in Jilin, Shangzhi City in Heilongjiang and other places to conduct in-depth interviews.
Pay more attention to the construction period and quality, so that the affected people can move into new homes as soon as possible
The wind is freezing and the snow is white. In the early winter in Heilongjiang, the chill is already strong. The waters of Dashi River and Xiaoni River surrounding Longwangmiao Village in Shangzhi City have frozen. At the west end of the village, three new houses with white walls and blue tiles have been built for Zhao Zhishan’s house.
Opening the door, Zhao Zhishan warmly welcomed reporters into the house, with a look of joy on his face as he moved into a new home, “I used to rely on fire walls and fire pits for heating, but now the new house uses floor heating, and the room is very warm.”
In early August, Longwangmiao Village was hit by floods. 168 houses in the village were damaged by water, and half of Zhao Zhishan’s house was washed away.
Ensuring that the affected people are safe, warm and sheltered during the winter is key. The Heilongjiang Provincial Department of Housing and Urban-Rural Development sent 90 teams to Shangzhi City and other severely affected areas to complete house safety assessments for 18,700 households. Depending on the extent of the disaster damage, comprehensive methods such as repair and reinforcement, renovation and new construction, and borrowing of public housing will be used to properly resettle the affected people. After evaluation, Zhao Zhishan’s home was included in the scope of renovation and new construction.
“The villagers make their own decisions on how to build new houses.” Zhao Zhishan told reporters that the construction team invited villagers to the site to listen to their individual needs on the foundation, beams and internal structure of the house, and discuss the construction plan together. Considering that Zhao Zhishan and his wife are getting older and have higher requirements for warmth preservation, the construction workers specially added insulation boards to the walls and roof, built a stainless steel energy-saving stove in the kitchen, and laid floor heating pipes underground.
“Use an energy-saving stove to heat the water, and the hot water is poured into the underground pipes through a circulation pump for heating.” Standing in front of the energy-saving stove, Zhao Zhishan gestured and said, “My wife and I have already prepared the firewood for the stove, which is enough. A winter.”
“Reverse the construction period and speed up construction so that the affected people can move into new homes as soon as possible.” Li Dewei, the project leader of Heilongjiang Provincial Water Conservancy and Hydropower Group Co., Ltd., which is undertaking the Longwangmiao Village flood-damaged house reconstruction project, told reporters that compared with normal projects of the same scale, The number of construction workers and equipment invested in the reconstruction project doubled, and the construction workers worked overtime and in shifts every day. “The construction of 7 houses rebuilt and 160 houses repaired in the village were completed within one month, and one household purchased a house. , the affected people have moved in before the Mid-Autumn Festival.”
“As of October 10, all 4,240 houses in Shangzhi City that needed to be built or repaired due to disaster damage have been completed,” said Guo Peng, director of the Shangzhi City Housing and Urban-Rural Development Bureau.
Paying more attention to quality than time limit, the construction team found that Zhao Zhishan’s house was located on a wind outlet and specially reinforced it for windproofing. Looking around Zhao Zhishan’s new home, the walls are thick and the doors and windows are solid. “Reinforced concrete pillars are erected on the four corners of the house, and the windows are triple-glazed, so cold wind cannot get in.” Zhao Zhishan said that the 70-square-meter new house cost a total of 80,000 yuan, of which government subsidies accounted for the bulk.
“It’s cold, but my body and heart are warm.” Walking into the home of Xu Zhongren, a villager in Xinkai Village, Kaiyuan Town, Shulan City, Jilin Province, the windows of the 80-square-meter new house are bright and clean, and the fire is burning in the small household heating boiler. The thermometer points to 24 degrees Celsius. “This house has floor heating, it is bright and warm, and the stove and kang are also installed for us, which saves us worry and money.” Xu Zhongren said with satisfaction.
On October 22, the first batch of 14 households affected by the disaster in Xinkai Village received the keys to their new houses, and Xu Zhongren’s family was one of them.
Xinkai Village is the only village in Shulan City that was completely relocated after the flood. Because it is adjacent to a river and has low terrain, the original site of Xinkai Village was severely damaged, with 246 villagers’ houses damaged. In view of the fact that most of the damaged houses have become dilapidated and the old village is still facing the risk of flash floods, the town decided to rebuild at a different site in Nangang, Xinkaitun, with flat terrain and stable geological conditions, after fully soliciting the wishes of the villagers.
“The straight-line distance between the new site and the original village is about 200 meters, and the terrain is 11 meters higher on average.” Tan Hongpeng, organizational member of the Kaiyuan Town Party Committee and interim leader of the Xinkai Village off-site reconstruction project, said, “The reconstructed houses are divided into 60 square meters, 80 square meters There are three types of apartments: square meters and 100 square meters.”
At the entrance to the off-site reconstruction site of Xinkai Village, a planning map clearly marked the supermarket, elderly care service center, sewage treatment plant, activity square, agricultural machinery parking area, grain storage area, etc. Stepping into the construction site, the new houses are neatly arranged and the main structure has been completed.
“To reassure the villagers, the village has set up a housing quality supervision group composed of four of our village representatives.” said Mo Lijun, leader of the supervision group. During the construction period, he led a team to inspect the construction site every day to see whether the mud content of the sand and gravel exceeded the standard, whether the cement label met the requirements, and whether the quality of the reinforced bricks and tiles was up to standard.
Cai Junfeng, deputy mayor of Shulan City and leader of the reconstruction team of the Post-Disaster Reconstruction Headquarters, said that as of October 27, all 1,206 repaired houses in Shulan City have been repaired, 829 reconstructed houses have been basically completed, and 838 households have been monetarily resettled. All have been paid. “Among the rebuilt houses, according to the wishes of the people, 484 households planning to move in this year can move in after selecting a moving date; 345 households planning to move in next year have all completed the main construction, and before the official move-in, the villagers have rented houses, visited relatives and friends, etc. be properly accommodated.”
In Fozizhuang Village, Fozizhuang Township, Fangshan District, Beijing, the repaired houses of 55 households have been completed and accepted, and the reconstruction of 48 houses has started; in Diaowo No. 4 Village, Diaowo Town, Zhuozhou City, Hebei, the village collective contacted the construction unit and Advance expenses were paid to help build housing for 8 needy households… “I feel very warm” and “I feel very at ease”. Along the way, reporters often heard such words from the disaster-stricken people.
Take multiple measures to resume production and recover losses to the greatest extent for the affected people
“As long as the land is not barren, there is hope for life. When wheat seedlings grow in the ground, the villagers can see hope.” Walking into Baimazhuang Village, Douzhuang Town, Zhuozhou City, a patch of green adds vitality to the land in the early winter in the north. During these days, villager Yang Keqiang walks in the fields almost every day, hoping that the wheat he planted will grow strong. At present, the wheat seedlings have drilled out of the soil about 10 centimeters and are growing well.
“This year’s winter wheat sowing task in Zhuozhou City is 287,000 acres, and all has been completed by the end of October.” Liu Jinpo, deputy director of the Agriculture and Rural Affairs Bureau of Zhuozhou City, told reporters.
Affected by floods, nearly 700 acres of farmland in Baimazhuang Village were affected, and there was almost no harvest from the cultivated land below. “After the flood, all the corn planted in the fields fell down, and a lot of garbage and silt washed in.” Yang Keqiang recalled.
On August 12, Party members and cadres from the Bao Lian Assistance Working Group from Jingxiu District, Baoding City, Hebei Province stationed in Baimazhuang Village, bringing plows, straw crushers and other equipment to clean up garbage, crush straw, plow the soil, and level the land. , the affected areas quickly returned to farming conditions, and the villagers’ frowns gradually relaxed. But a new question arises: The local farmers’ planting habit is “one crop of corn after another crop of wheat.” There are still about two months until winter wheat is sown. How to minimize agricultural losses?
The “Notice on Grasping the Restoration of Production after Floods to Achieve a Good Year-round Grain and Agricultural Harvest” issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on August 15th stated that “for plots with no harvest, study replanting and replanting plans one by one, and timely harvesting of silage can be done.” silage; if silage cannot be harvested, plow it in a timely manner, adjust and transport disaster relief seeds, fertilizers, etc., and promptly switch to crops with a short growth period and market demand.”
“Use autumn to make up for summer, and don’t miss the farming season.” Teng Mingxin, leader of the Bao Lian assistance working group and director of the Jingxiu District Justice Bureau, said that the working group invited experts from the Plant Protection Institute of the Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences to Baimazhuang Village to conduct a survey on soil moisture. After professional evaluation, it was finally selected to plant baby cabbage, which has low temperature requirements, low technical threshold and can see benefits in a short period of time.
I have been growing corn and wheat for most of my life, but this is the first time I have grown vegetables on a large area. “How to select seeds, how to manage and protect them, and where to sell them are all new problems.” At first, Yang Keqiang was worried. In order to dispel the doubts of the villagers, Bao village cadres and village cadres worked patiently. The working group provided seeds for free and contacted the agricultural professional cooperative to be responsible for sowing. Villagers only need to water and fertilize in time. When the baby cabbage matures, it will be purchased by the Jingxiu District.
In mid-October, after nearly two months of care, more than 100 acres of baby cabbage in Baimazhuang Village achieved a bumper harvest. The villagers harvested, packed and loaded the crops and transported them from Baimazhuang Village to Baoding City. Jingxiu District purchased them at market prices and supplied them to urban restaurants and government canteens.
During the period from after the disaster to about two months before autumn sowing, more than 6,000 acres of disaster-stricken farmland in Zhuozhou City were leveled and replanted with vegetables. “I planted 8 acres of baby cabbage and earned more than 13,000 yuan, which is basically the same as the income from corn before the disaster.” After selling baby cabbage, Yang Keqiang continued to sow winter wheat, hoping for a good harvest next year.
Various localities have taken multiple measures to speed up the restoration of agricultural production. Shulan City completed the drainage of 248,000 acres of flooded farmland; Fangshan District distributed 806 kilograms of radish seeds, 1,047 kilograms of cabbage seeds, and 365 kilograms of rapeseed seeds to more than 12,000 affected households; Shangzhi City established 6 agricultural technology groups to go deep into villages and towns. Serve and guide the masses to strengthen field management…
When the reporter interviewed in Shangzhi City, it was the autumn harvest season. Walking in the fields of Longwangmiao Village, harvesters are “swallowing” rice, sometimes raising a cloud of dust. “Normally during rice harvesting, there is not so much dust.” Villager Che Lixin explained that the rice that had been flooded was covered with a layer of mud.
This year, Che Lixin’s family planted more than 130 acres of rice, 45 acres of which were flooded. “When the disaster hit, the rice was in flowering stage.” Che Lixin told reporters that after the flood, the government sent agricultural technicians to guide the spraying operations, just in time for the second half of the rice ears to bloom, and there was still some harvest. “There were 20 There are no acres of rice fields, and another 25 acres have harvested 60% of the grain through agricultural technology measures.”
According to the relevant person in charge of the Shangzhi Municipal Agriculture and Rural Affairs Bureau, the floods caused damage to food crops covering an area of 372,000 acres in Shangzhi City. The city has taken multiple measures to reduce losses. According to agricultural technology production tests, it is expected that grain output this year will exceed 2.7 billion kilograms, achieving “twenty consecutive harvests”.
“The ability of harvesters to enter the fields and grain harvesting trucks to enter the village depends on the repair of the roads.” Liu Lijia, a village cadre stationed in Longwangmiao Village from the Laojie Ji Township Government, said that in order to ensure that the autumn grain grains are returned to the warehouse, the construction workers worked overtime. The repair work of damaged roads in Longwangmiao Village was completed before the autumn harvest. “The main village road was paved with asphalt, and 17 field roads were filled with gravel.”
“There was a flood and the roads were severely damaged. Everyone was afraid that the harvested grain would not be transported back. Unexpectedly, the road was quickly repaired. Driving a tractor back and forth on the asphalt road to transport grain was smooth and stable.” Villager Yang Chungui raised his finger. I pointed out that the granary next to the house was full.
On the eve of the autumn harvest, 2,104 field roads and 175 bridges and culverts damaged by disasters in Shangzhi City and 829 other water-damaged roads and 56 bridges and culverts in villages have been repaired.
Considerate matters big and small to give the victims peace of mind and peace of mind
In the early morning, I walked into the student dormitory building of Shilou Middle School in Fangshan District. The building was newly painted. Ma Jinglong, a second-grade student from Xiacun Middle School in Fangshan District, is washing his hands in the bathroom. The hot water flowing out of the faucet is of a suitable temperature.
Following Ma Jinglong back to the dormitory, the room was well heated, several pots of green plants were full of life, and the pillows and quilts on the bed were neatly stacked. “This is a newly installed water dispenser. You can drink hot water at any time.” “This is a public bathhouse. You can take a bath at night.”… Ma Jinglong led reporters out of the dormitory and introduced them all the way.
Why did Xiacun Middle School students move into the dormitory of Shilou Middle School? Guo Baoqun, the principal of Shilou Middle School, told reporters that during this summer’s floods, the buildings and teaching facilities of Xiacun Middle School were severely damaged. Restoration and reconstruction are difficult, time-consuming, and expensive, and the school is not ready to reopen in the short term. Considering that Shilou Middle School, which was less affected by the flood, is relatively close to Xiacun Middle School and has better facilities, the Fangshan District Education Committee decided to allow 87 students from Xiacun Middle School to resume classes at Shilou Middle School this fall semester.
The students of Xiacun Middle School are distributed in three villages. The students who live farthest away from Shilou Middle School are more than 10 kilometers away. It is not convenient to go back and forth every day. “Especially in the snowy days in winter, the roads are icy and slippery, which is very unsafe.” Guo Baoqun said that the school reported to the district and applied for accommodation of these students on campus. “Soon, the district allocated nearly 2 million yuan The funds were used to renovate the school dormitories, canteens, etc., and at the same time purchase 11 daily necessities for each student such as bedding and washbasin.”
In the Shilou Middle School cafeteria, the reporter saw newly purchased tables and chairs, refrigerators, disinfection cabinets, etc. Here, the weekly menu is announced in advance, and the dishes are different every day. Students are provided with two meat and one vegetarian meals for lunch and dinner.
After the National Day, the first batch of 66 students from Xiacun Middle School moved in successfully and boarded at Shilou Middle School from Monday to Friday. In order to make it easier for boarding students to go home on weekends, Fangshan District coordinated with the bus company to adjust bus routes to pick up students without changing buses and go directly to the village.
“The same classmates are still in the same class, and the same class teacher is still the same.” Ma Jinglong quickly adapted to the study life of Shilou Middle School. In order to reduce the burden on students’ families, the school has also applied for living subsidies for boarding students and waived related fees.
After leaving Shilou Middle School, the reporter came to Fozizhuang Village, Fozizhuang Township, Fangshan District. The flood marks on many courtyard walls in the village are still clear. Jiang Xiaoqing, a low-income household, said that the floods knocked down the courtyard walls, washed away the windows, and also washed away the coal for heating in the winter.
How will you spend the winter this year? Following Jiang Xiaoqing into his yard, he saw that the yard wall had been built, the house had newly installed aluminum alloy doors and windows, and bags of environmentally friendly coal were covered with oil paper and neatly stacked outside the house. “The government not only helped us repair our house for free, but also ordered environmentally friendly briquettes from the village, which were distributed at the end of September. A total of 2 tons is enough to burn this winter.” Jiang Xiaoqing said, “The government subsidized a lot of it, which relieved us a lot. Less burden.” It is understood that the 141 tons of environmentally friendly briquettes ordered by Fozizhuang Village have been distributed to the homes of villagers; for some villagers who use electricity for heating, the power supply unit has also come to inspect the lines.
Walking into Yongji Xiuyuan Community, Shuangta Street, Zhuozhou City, it is cold outside, but the residents’ homes are as warm as spring. “Since November 1, the community has been heated.” Resident Dong Caiying told reporters.
At the Yongji Xiuyuan Community Thermal Station, the person in charge, Li Yajun, and his colleagues are carefully checking the controller and each instrument panel, and filling in the data on the record sheet.
This thermal station is responsible for the winter heating tasks for more than 1,500 residents in two communities including Yongji Xiuyuan. During the flood, the circulation pump, water supply pump, frequency conversion cabinet, distribution cabinet, etc. of the thermal power station were soaked by the flood and seriously damaged. “Since August 5, we have arranged for personnel to come in for emergency repairs and spent four days replacing equipment.” Zhang Bao, the leader of the thermal station maintenance team, said, and then conducted two visits to the residents with water on the first floor of the community to check the pipes. , radiators and other facilities to ensure normal heating.
“There are 111 thermal stations in the urban area of Zhuozhou City, 31 of which were damaged in the flood. After maintenance, all damaged thermal stations will meet the heating conditions by October 24, and the main network will officially provide heat on November 1.” Zhuozhou Jiang Yong, head of the Municipal Heating and Gas Comprehensive Service Center, introduced.
The reporter then came to the book storage base of Beijing Yingdian E-Commerce Co., Ltd. in Zhuozhou City and saw many express cartons neatly placed on the floor of the warehouse. Wearing white gloves, stockists shuttled back and forth in the aisles, sorting unopened new books into boxes, packaging them and sending them to all parts of the country.
“Students can go to school, families have income, and the whole family can feel at ease.” Feng Peipei, a stocking clerk, told reporters that he lives in Diaowo Village, Diaowo Town, Zhuozhou City, and the first floor of his house was damaged by water. Some time ago, she rode her bicycle to work at the storage base during the day and went home to repair the house at night. “It costs money to lay floor tiles, paint walls, and buy furniture. Fortunately, she still has a job, and her monthly salary is five to six thousand yuan. It solved a lot of difficulties.” Now, Feng Peipei’s home has been renovated and can be lived in normally.
Ensuring the resumption of work and production of enterprises also ensures the employment of some people affected by the disaster. Since the disaster occurred, Zhuozhou City has made every effort to rescue enterprises and help them resume work and production. It has provided three-year fiscal interest discounts for new loans taken by disaster-stricken operating entities from August 1 to December 31 this year.
“This flood caused 3 meters of water to enter the company’s book warehouse, and the loss of books reached 200 million yards (the total price of all books). We have applied for a discounted loan, which solved our urgent need.” Deputy General Manager of Beijing Yingdian E-Commerce Company Liu Jinghui said that the book storage base completed dredging and disinfection in early September and officially resumed work and production.
As of November 5, all 1,685 disaster-stricken enterprises in Zhuozhou City have resumed work and production.
To ensure that the affected people have secure jobs and jobs, the solution should focus not only on the local area, but also on surrounding areas. “The disaster-stricken towns in the northern part of Zhuozhou border on Fangshan District, Beijing. There are buses to and from Beijing every day, making commuting convenient. We specifically contacted the human resources and social security departments in Fengtai District and Fangshan District, Beijing, and organized companies to come to recruit.” Zhuozhou City Human Resources and Social Security Zheng Qingying, first-level chief staff member of the Security Bureau, said that after the disaster, a total of 18 online and offline recruitment sessions were carried out, providing more than 9,700 jobs.
Not long ago, a job fair was held at Zhuozhou Grand Hyatt Plaza. Among the 69 recruiting companies, 13 were from Beijing. Nearly 500 people attended the meeting that day, and 225 of them reached employment intentions. Wang Jun, a resident of Dongxianpo Town, Zhuozhou City, signed a letter of intent for employment with a human resources company in Fangshan District on the spot. “The workplace is not far from home. I can ride an electric bike to and from it every day. My income is stable and I feel at ease.”
(Editors: Chi Mengrui, Bao Congying)
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