In 2013, Guizhou proposed in the “Responsibility Division Plan for Building the “Six Major Systems””: to enhance the comprehensive development capabilities of rural areas and promote the construction of a new rural area of ”Four Farmers·Beautiful Countryside”; in April 2023, Guizhou released the “Guizhou Province Rural Development Plan” Action Implementation Plan (2023-2025)”, emphasizing the need to make every effort to create a batch of upgraded versions of the “Four Farmhouses·Beautiful Countryside” that are livable, suitable for business and beautiful villages… From “new countryside” to “livable, working and beautiful villages”, From “construction” to “upgrading”… In recent years, Guizhou has adapted measures to local conditions and rural areas, vigorously renovated village appearance and facilities, developed rural characteristic industries, insisted that each village has its own beauty, and the beauty is shared, and built a city that is livable, suitable for industry and beautiful. Rural areas, depicting a new picture of rural revitalization in Guizhou.
The thousand-acre sorghum planting base in Huangyu Village, Suiyang County, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province is picturesque.Photo by Yang Qian, People’s Daily Online
Ecological priority management is effective
Whether the countryside is beautiful or not, farmers have the final say. In recent years, Guizhou has relied on the natural environment of the countryside to fully understand the living needs of villagers, rationally renovate the appearance of villages on the basis of green development and ecological priority, vigorously supplement the infrastructure required by villages, and make the places where villagers live beautiful. The fragrance of flowers can help you relax.
“There are flowers and plants planted in the small flower pond on the roadside, and there are various vegetables in the vegetable garden. I go out to enjoy the flowers and pick vegetables at the door. The environment is beautiful and my life has been improved to a higher level.”
“This road used to be a dirt road less than one meter wide, and every step would slip on rainy days. Now it has become a cement road. It is clean wherever you go, and it is very convenient for vehicles to enter and exit. Everything is much better than before. , we feel we are living a very happy life!”
Walking around the towns and villages in Guiyang and Gui’an, you can see new changes in the countryside everywhere – rural courtyards, small flower ponds beside the road, cultural walls, toilets, various infrastructure projects, etc.
Since the implementation of the “Five Governance” work in rural areas in Guiyang and Gui’an in 2021, rural housing, water, garbage, toilets and other aspects have been effectively improved. The most direct and practical interest issues that the farmers are most concerned about have been solved to a greater extent, and more It further enhances the farmers’ sense of gain, happiness and security.
The courtyards of villagers in Gaochao Village, Zhazuo Street, Xiuwen County.Photo by Cha Jiangwei
Prosperous industry increases farmers’ income
Rural revitalization focuses on industrial revitalization. In recent years, Guizhou has continued to expand the scale of village industries such as planting and breeding through mechanisms such as party building guidance and east-west collaboration, broadening the channels for increasing village collective economic income, driving villagers to increase income and become rich, and has embarked on a development path of prosperous industries, wealthy villagers, and beautiful countryside. the way.
Since the beginning of this year, the Wandong Copper Cooperation Group has carried out the “I Have a Garden in Guizhou” pledge and construction activity in Yinjiang, introducing paired assistance funds and social donation funds from Wandong and Copper to create rural “four small gardens” (small tea gardens, Small orchards, small vegetable gardens, small parks), relying on local village land resources, guided by marketization and characteristics, accurately matching corporate needs and rural advantages, creating a characteristic “yellow garden”, building a yellow flower processing plant, and expanding yellow flower sales Judao has turned Huanghua from a primary agricultural product into a hot-selling commodity, which is expected to increase the village collective income by 200,000 yuan this year.
Villagers are processing day lilies.Photo by Tian Qiang
At the same time, agricultural machinery can run in the fields and farm tools can work, which has also brought great convenience to farmers and accelerated the pace of modernization for the development of the agricultural industry.
Nanming Town, Jianhe County, Guizhou’s first “unmanned rice farm”. With just one click, the unmanned harvester can complete land preparation, sowing, transplanting, spraying, and spraying in the rice field according to the pre-planned route. Fertilizer, harvest, grain transportation and other tasks, truly realizing unmanned operations in the entire process of agricultural production. Through “cloud” management and “handheld” farming, farmers who use traditional manual farming and sowing can be liberated from the fields, and land utilization can be effectively improved. While ensuring increased grain production and income, it also achieves the scale, standardization, and development of the agricultural industry. modernization.
A large rotary tiller plows the fields in Nanming Town, Jianhe County.Photos provided by Zhang Yu, Wu Changlian, Yang Jiameng and Peng Xiaomei
Changing Customs, Changing Local Customs and Civilization
“Harmony” is the pursuit of Chinese civilization, an important category of traditional Chinese philosophy, and has always been respected by the Chinese people. The “harmony” in Hemei Village is the inner attribute, and “beauty” is the external manifestation, that is to say, “harmony” is the invisible spiritual level, and “beauty” is the visible material level, that is to say, with beauty Compared with the countryside, Hemei Village emphasizes both the shaping of the countryside and the casting of its soul, and it also pays attention to spiritual civilization on the basis of pursuing material civilization.
Xiasi Ancient Town.Photo courtesy of Kaili Municipal Party Committee Propaganda Department
Kaili, known as the “Hometown of Hundreds of Festivals”, has attracted tourists from all over the world to check in with its superior ecological environment and diverse and splendid national culture. Xiasi Ancient Town, Nanhua Miao Village, Jidao Miao Village, Jinxiu Man Cave, Lusheng Festival, New Eating Festival, Hill Climbing Festival, Miao Year, Dong Year… Traditional villages and traditional folk customs are here to innovate and carry forward the ancient culture. In modern civilization, Kaili people have made full use of “harmony”. A series of village activities and village tourism brought about by village culture have not only enriched the pockets of Kaili villagers, but also promoted the beauty of Kaili to the world. It has become the international cultural and tourism business card of “Miao and Dong Pearl·Hemei Kaili”.
Gan Nang Xiang Lu Sheng Festival.Photo by Chen Wei
The “harmony and beauty” of the countryside is not only reflected in cultural tourism activities, but also in changing customs such as civilized travel, paying attention to public ethics, advocating science, and holding new happy events.
Zero betrothal gift is an old system of the times that is difficult to break in the minds of many people. Li Yongwen, a Miao villager in Dazhai Village, Kunzhai Township, Nayong County, broke this old system. On January 19, 2022, in Dazhai Village, Kunzhai Township, a marriage of a daughter with no bride price attracted much attention. In order to reduce the burden on her daughter and son-in-law, Li Yongwen and his wife resolutely refused to charge any bride price. “My family is an ordinary farmer’s family. It is not easy to come up with more than 100,000 yuan in betrothal gifts at once. So I especially want to thank my parents-in-law for their understanding. I will definitely honor them in the future.” The groom Luo Dexiang said to his in-laws. The parents were very grateful.
On January 19, 2022, a couple who married their daughter with a zero-color gift in Dazhai Village, Nayong County took a group photo with their newlywed daughter and son-in-law.Photos provided by Yang Ying and Zhou Qigang
Li Yongwen and his wife broke through the old system and made a good start in changing local customs. They won praise from the local people and received banners from various government units. Examples like this also exist in Kaiyang, Guizhou and other places. And it is reasonable to believe that in the process of building a harmonious and beautiful countryside, villagers will have a clearer and clearer concept of changing customs and rural civilization, and will become more and more practical in building a livable, workable and beautiful countryside, and there will be more rural civilizations. Representatives of the new trend continue to work hard to build Guizhou’s countryside into a livable, workable and beautiful countryside where everyone has their own beauty and the beauty is shared.
(Editors: Li Yongxin, Chen Kangqing)
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