Resolutely fight against the “Three North” project
National Forestry and Grassland Administration
On June 6, 2023, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over a symposium on strengthening comprehensive desertification prevention and control and promoting the construction of key ecological projects such as the “Three Norths” in Bayannur City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and delivered an important speech, issuing an important speech to ensure the success of the “Three Norths” project. Mobilization order to fight tough battles and strive to create a new miracle of desertification prevention and control in China in the new era. On July 17, the General Secretary delivered another important speech at the National Ecological Environmental Protection Conference, systematically deploying strategic tasks and major measures to comprehensively promote the construction of a beautiful China. The General Secretary’s important speech is our party’s action program and scientific guide to promote the construction of ecological civilization in the new era and new journey, and clarifies a new navigation mark for further promoting the construction of the “Three North” project. We must keep in mind the General Secretary’s instructions, shoulder our mission bravely, be unafraid of hardships, and work hard for a long time, resolutely fight the “Three North” project, build a stronger green barrier in the northern border of the motherland, and achieve greater success in building a beautiful China. Big achievement.
1. The construction of the “Three North” project has achieved great achievements that have attracted worldwide attention.
Desertification is a major global ecological problem affecting human survival and development. Our country is one of the countries with the most severe desertification in the world, and desertified land is mainly distributed in the Three North Regions. In 1978, the Party Central Committee made a major decision to implement the construction project of the “Three North” protective forest system, ushering in my country’s large-scale sand control and ecological improvement.
General Secretary Xi Jinping attaches great importance to the construction of the “Three Norths” project. He has made many on-site inspections of the “Three Norths” project area and issued important instructions many times. In April 2008, Comrade Xi Jinping, then vice president of the country, visited the Baijitan Forest Farm in Ningxia. Facing the endless squares of wheat straw, he firmly held the hand of “desert control hero” Wang Youde and said to the desert control cadres and the masses: , “This is an ordinary but great cause”, “We will fully support your cause.” In 2018, on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the construction of the “Three Norths” project, the General Secretary issued important instructions emphasizing that the construction of the “Three Norths” project “is a major ecological project implemented together with China’s reform and opening up, and is an important landmark project in the construction of ecological civilization. “. In August 2019, during an inspection at the Babu Sand Forest Farm in Gansu Province, the General Secretary picked up a furrow plow and started working with the forest farm employees. He told them that we must carry forward the “Six Old Men” who never bowed their heads in the face of difficulties and dared to fight in the desert. The fighting spirit of turning an oasis into an oasis. In August 2021, during an inspection at the Saihanba Mechanical Forest Farm in Hebei Province, the General Secretary had a cordial exchange with representatives of three generations of forest farm employees and encouraged everyone to inherit the Saihanba spirit. In June 2023, during an inspection at the Xinhua Forest Farm in Inner Mongolia, the General Secretary walked into the sandy land being treated and said with emotion: “The ecology of the Three North Regions is very fragile. Desertification prevention and control is a long-term historical task. We must continue to do this well. This work is worthy of our ancestors and future generations.” The cordial care and earnest entrustment gave the whole party and society a vivid educational lesson on ecological civilization, and also pointed out the way forward for forestry and grassland work and the further promotion of the construction of the “Three North” project. .
Liaoning, Hebei, Inner Mongolia and other places adhere to the integrated protection and systematic management of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass and sand, and adopt comprehensive measures such as living sand barriers to fix sand, afforestation and grass planting, and fence closures to effectively prevent the southward invasion of the Hunshandake Sand Land. Ecological conditions continue to improve. The picture shows the sandy area in Weichang County, Hebei Province, which has been treated with abundant grass, beautiful water, and is surrounded by greenery.Dong Yandong/photograph
After 45 years of unremitting efforts, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the construction of the “Three North” project has achieved great achievements that have attracted worldwide attention. The forest coverage rate in the project area has increased from 5.05% to 13.84%, more than 45% of the controllable desertification land area has been initially controlled, 61% of the water and soil erosion area has been effectively controlled, and 450 million acres of farmland have been effectively protected; the “Three North” project has promoted forest development The lower economy, specialty forestry and fruit industry, sand industry, etc. have developed and expanded, providing 1/4 of the dry and fresh fruits for the country, helping 15 million people get out of poverty and increase their income. Driven by key ecological projects such as the “Three Norths”, China has taken the lead in the world to achieve “zero growth” in land degradation. Key management areas have achieved a historic transformation from “sands advancing and people retreating” to “greens advancing and sand receding”, protecting Ecology and improving people’s livelihood have entered a virtuous cycle, and the economic and social development and ecological outlook of desertified areas have undergone earth-shaking changes.
Practice has proved that the Party Central Committee’s decisions on desertification prevention and control, especially the construction of the “Three North” project, are very correct and far-sighted. Our country has embarked on a path of desertification prevention and control with Chinese characteristics that conforms to the laws of nature and national conditions. .
2. Winning the battle against the “Three North” project is a major national strategy and a concrete action to implement Xi Jinping’s thoughts on ecological civilization.
2021-2030 is the construction period of the sixth phase of the “Three North” project. It is a critical period for consolidating and expanding the results of desertification prevention and control, and a critical period for promoting the high-quality development of the “Three North” project. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that “we must fully understand the long-term, arduous, repetitive and uncertain nature of desertification prevention and control work” and called for “a tough battle against the ‘Three North’ project”. It is necessary to further improve the political stance, deeply understand the significance of fighting the “Three North” project, and effectively enhance the sense of mission and urgency.
Winning the “Three North” project successfully is related to the long-term planning and key deployment of building a strong country and national rejuvenation.When ecology flourishes, civilization prospers; when ecology declines, civilization declines. Historically, the spread of the Taklimakan Desert annihilated the once prosperous Silk Road; the expansion of the Hexi Corridor Desert destroyed the ancient city of Dunhuang; the encroachment of the Horqin, Mu Us Sandy Land and Ulan Buh Desert encroached on the rich and beautiful Mongolian grasslands. … General Secretary Xi Jinping once quoted these historical materials and emphasized that “we must seriously learn these profound lessons.” The General Secretary pointed out with profound strategic vision that strengthening the comprehensive prevention and control of desertification and further promoting the construction of key ecological projects such as the “Three Norths” are related to China’s ecological security, the construction of a strong country, and the sustainable development of the Chinese nation. This is a meritorious service. A noble cause that benefits the present and will benefit the future. From a time perspective, the construction of the “Three North” project is synchronized with China’s reform and opening up. The project period is planned to 2050, which overlaps with the historical node of our party’s realization of the second centenary goal and with the historical process of building a strong country and national rejuvenation. Synchronize. From a development perspective, the “Three North” project area has important strategic value in maintaining ecological security, maintaining national unity and border stability, ensuring food security, promoting the construction of a beautiful China, and coping with climate change. On the new journey, to comprehensively promote the construction of a strong country and the great cause of national rejuvenation with Chinese-style modernization, we must fundamentally reverse the trend of desertification and sandification in the Three North Regions, promote the Three North Regions to embark on a new path of high-level protection and high-quality development, and serve the Chinese nation Sustainable development builds a more stable ecological security barrier.
Winning the battle against the “Three North” project embodies our party’s responsibility to enhance people’s happiness and human welfare.General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the ecological environment is a major political issue related to the mission and purpose of the party, and it is also a major social issue related to people’s livelihood. At present, the situation of desertification prevention and desertification control in China is still severe. Desertification areas are highly coupled with economically underdeveloped areas and minority inhabited areas. Ecological disasters caused by desertification, wind and sand hazards, and water and soil erosion have restricted the economic and social development of the Three North Regions. develop. It is the common wish of the people to further promote the construction of the “Three North” project and accelerate the improvement of ecological environment quality. Combating desertification is also a common challenge facing mankind and requires the international community to work together to deal with it. The General Secretary emphasized that “it is necessary to conduct extensive international exchanges and cooperation” and “jointly promote the governance of global desert ecosystems so that deserts can benefit mankind.” Our country is not only the largest contributor to global greening, but also an important contributor and leader in global desertification prevention and control. Winning the tough battle against the “Three North” project in the new journey fully demonstrates our party’s sentiment and responsibility for seeking happiness for the Chinese people and the welfare of all mankind. It is crucial to promoting the global desertification prevention and control process, benefiting future generations of the Chinese nation, and benefiting mankind. sustainable development and plays an important leading and demonstration role.
To successfully fight the “Three North” project, we must adhere to Xi Jinping’s ecological civilization thought as the fundamental guideline and guide for action.General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that “major ecological projects such as the construction of the ‘Three North’ protective forest system can only be completed under the leadership of the Communist Party of China.” He profoundly clarified that adhering to the party’s overall leadership is the fundamental guarantee for the construction of ecological civilization in our country. The General Secretary emphasized that “the construction of ecological civilization requires both material and spiritual support” and profoundly elaborated on the rich connotation and contemporary value of the “Three North Spirit”, Saihanba Spirit, and “Youyu Spirit”, inspiring us to advance The construction of ecological civilization must make good use of the “two-hand approach” methodology. Regarding how to successfully fight the “Three North” project, the General Secretary pointed out that we must adhere to the system concept and solidly promote the integrated protection and systematic management of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass and sand; we must highlight the key points of governance and fight the three landmark battles with all our strength; we must persist in Scientifically control desertification and comprehensively improve the quality and stability of desert ecosystems; etc. The General Secretary’s important speech on the construction of the “Three North” project provided important instructions and instructions, scientifically explaining how to coordinate and promote comprehensive desertification prevention and control from the macro and micro, overall and regional, strategic and campaign levels, while respecting the laws of nature and paying attention to scientific methods, further It points out the practical path and effective methods for ecological protection and restoration, especially desert ecological governance, which is an important part of Xi Jinping’s Thought on Ecological Civilization. To fight the “Three North” project well in the new journey, we must thoroughly study, understand and resolutely implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech and important instructions, and unswervingly use Xi Jinping’s ecological civilization thought to arm the mind, guide practice and promote work.
3. Bravely shouldering the mission and making coordinated efforts, the battle against the “Three North” project has achieved a good start
General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that “we will strive to fight a tough battle for the ‘Three Norths’ project in about 10 years and build the ‘Three Norths’ project into a fully functional and unbreakable green Great Wall and ecological security barrier in northern Xinjiang” and made all-out efforts to fight against it. The major decisions of the three iconic battles: the “Several Bends” battle of the Yellow River, the two sand annihilation battles of Horqin and Hunshandake, and the Hexi Corridor-Taklimakan Desert edge interception battle, have clarified the timetable, mission statement, and main battlefield for us. and operational maps. The forestry and grassland system, together with relevant departments and party committees and governments at all levels in the Three-North region, responded to the order and fought with all their might, launched a comprehensive battle against the “Three-North” project, and achieved phased progress.
Carefully formulate a battle plan.Focusing on key issues such as “how to fight”, “where to fight”, and “what to fight” in the “Three North” project, we will make overall plans, actively coordinate, and accurately connect, and strive to transform the grand blueprint drawn by General Secretary Xi Jinping into vivid reality. By studying and drafting opinions on strengthening the comprehensive prevention and control of desertification and promoting the construction of key ecological projects such as the “Three Norths”, we will clarify the main direction, operational requirements, operational tasks, and support measures for the current and future battles. By revising the overall plan of the “Three Norths” project and formulating the six-phase project plan, it is determined that the target task of completing 600 million acres before 2030 will include 200 million acres of desertified land and 400 million acres of ecological protection and restoration achievements. By establishing a coordination mechanism for the State Council to strengthen the comprehensive prevention and control of desertification and promote the construction of key ecological projects such as the “Three Norths” project, we will clarify the task list and responsibility list of each participating department, and work together to win the battle against the “Three Norths” project.
The Luliang Mountain area of Shanxi Province continues to promote the construction of windbreak and sand-fixing forests, soil and water conservation forests, and water source conservation forests through the implementation of key ecological projects such as the “Three Norths”. The picture shows that the Luliang Mountains, which used to be filled with loess and looked “gray”, now present an ecological beauty of mountains and lush greenery.Jing Shenhao/photo
Plan and layout engineering projects.Adhere to problem orientation and goal orientation, focus on the three landmark battles, firmly grasp the key point of engineering projects, and initially plan and layout 68 key projects. Among them, 35 key projects have been deployed in 328 counties in the three iconic battle areas, focusing on the comprehensive management of desertified land, covering the edges of my country’s major deserts, upwinds and downwinds, sand source areas and path areas. Close to the coordinated advancement area of the three iconic battles, 33 key projects have been initially planned and laid out. At the same time, relevant departments have arranged 15 key projects respectively to promote all-element governance of desert control, water control, and mountain control, forming a battle pattern of key breakthroughs, regional coordination, and departmental linkage. We will seize the favorable opportunities this autumn and next spring to organize the construction of a number of landmark projects with mature conditions in various places in the Three Norths, leading a new upsurge in the construction of the “Three Norths” project.
Three major iconic battles were launched in an all-round way.Taking the three major landmark battles as areas, work promotion meetings will be held in counties and hilltops, and wall chart operations and special class guidance will be implemented. One pole will be inserted into the front line and forefront of desertification prevention and control, and measures will be taken according to local conditions. We will implement hazard prevention, implement regional policies and precise policies, and conduct integrated research, deployment and implementation of key and difficult tasks in the battle. The first is to take the lead in launching the annihilation war in Horqin and Hunshandake sandy areas. In early August 2023, the National Forestry and Grassland Administration held an on-site promotion meeting at the Zhanggutai Forest Farm in Zhangwu County, Liaoning Province, to promote cross-regional joint operations through on-site observation of desertification control models and research and resolution of common problems. The Liaoning Provincial Party Committee organized a province-wide promotion meeting on desertification prevention and control, issued an action plan for the annihilation war, and deployed eight key tasks. Zhangwu County organized a general campaign to vigorously promote the use of trees to block sand, use grass to fix sand, use water to contain sand, and use light to lock sand, and explore new models for scientific desert control. Jilin Province plans to implement five major projects, including the “Green Advances and Sand Retreat” Horqin Sandy Land Management and the “Forest and Grain Mutual Growth” black soil protection projects. More than 4,000 cadres and masses of Wengniute Banner in Chifeng City, Inner Mongolia, locked up the yellow sand and planted new greens. Rows of neat straw grids were spread out. Since 2023, the entire banner has completed comprehensive management of 170,000 acres of sandy land. The second is to continue to launch the battle against the “Several Bends” of the Yellow River. At the end of August 2023, the State Forestry and Grassland Administration held an on-site promotion meeting in Bayannur, Inner Mongolia, focusing on ecological issues such as sand disasters, floods, salinization, and overgrazing of grasslands, and increased the number of ecological problems in the Mu Us Sandy Land, Kubuqi Desert, and Ulan Desert. and desert control efforts. Ningxia and Inner Mongolia have strengthened joint prevention and treatment, changing “fighting alone” to “fighting side by side.” Ningxia has deployed and implemented the “Five Major Campaigns” and “Four Major Actions” to seize the opportunity to afforestation and plant grass during the rainy season, with an average treatment area of nearly 7,000 acres per day. Inner Mongolia has comprehensively built an ecological barrier through comprehensive measures such as sand barrier planting, afforestation and grass planting, closure and protection, improvement and restoration, water diversion for irrigation, and photovoltaic construction. On both sides of the G242 road in the Kubuqi Desert, newly planted sand barriers are closely connected and spread out one after another, dividing and locking the yellow sand into tens of thousands of squares. Bayannaoer City has established a sand dune chief system and strives to win the battle to annihilate scattered sandy areas in the area within two years. The third is to carefully organize the Hexi Corridor-Taklimakan Desert edge blockade. In late September 2023, the National Forestry and Grassland Administration held an on-site promotion meeting in Minqin County, Gansu Province, and held a key project opening ceremony in Xishawo, Changning, Minqin to collectively learn from the advanced deeds of the “Six Old Men” of Babusha and observe the ancient Lang and Minqin sand control models were used to practice mechanical sand pressing operations. Gansu and Inner Mongolia signed a cooperation framework agreement to jointly build “four major lines of defense” and “four major border forest and grass belts” to prevent the Badain Jaran Desert and the Tengger Desert from “shaking hands”. Zhangye City, Gansu Province follows the idea of ”protecting water sources in the south, protecting oasis in the middle, and controlling sandstorms in the north” and adopts a combination of trees, shrubs and grasses to create a windbreak and sand-fixing forest network forest belt and a desert border forest and grass belt. More than 6,800 party members, cadres and volunteers from Wuwei City, Gansu Province, marched into the hinterland of the Tengger Desert to bury grass and sand barriers and actively promote the photovoltaic desert control model. Since 2023, a total of 660,000 acres of desertified land have been newly controlled. By the end of October, 6 million acres of forest and grass had been planted in the three landmark campaigns.
4. Keep integrity and innovate, work hard over time, and promote the high-quality development of the “Three North” project
The Sanbei region is home to 84% of the country’s desertified land, eight major deserts, and four major sandy lands. It has 7 strong wind erosion areas, 34 sandstorm vents, and 3 major sandstorm path areas. It is the area with the worst natural conditions and the most fragile ecology in China. In this region, the fundamentals of desertified land being large, widely distributed, severe, and difficult to control have not fundamentally changed. To successfully fight the “Three North” project under the new situation, we must completely, accurately and comprehensively implement the new development concept, adopt new methods, introduce new mechanisms, implement new measures, carry out work creatively, comprehensively improve the level of project construction and management, and strive to deliver Excellent answer sheet.
We will focus on policy innovation and strengthen the guarantee of input factors.In terms of capital investment, a diversified investment mechanism focusing on government investment at all levels has been established, and relevant departments have been coordinated to establish special funding channels for the “Three North” project to support the comprehensive management of desertified land and consolidate the results of desertification prevention and control; encourage the participation of social capital For the construction of the “Three North” project, development and policy financial institutions are encouraged to increase their support for the “Three North” project. In terms of ecological water security, multiple measures have been taken to provide water security for afforestation, grass planting and desertification control in key areas. Through rational allocation of ecological water, combined with water search and water conservation, we have explored the use of urban gray water, coal mine dewatering water, etc. to supplement ecological water, and vigorously Develop water-saving forest and grass.
Focus on mechanism innovation and tighten the responsibilities of all parties.We will implement a working mechanism in which the central government coordinates overall planning, provinces take overall responsibility, and cities and counties take charge of implementation, and give full play to the organizing, coordinating, supervising and guiding role of the coordination mechanism of the State Council. Strengthen the assessment and incentive measures for the forest chief system, list the “Three North” project as an important part of the forest chief assessment, supervise the implementation of construction management responsibilities, and increase the intensity of notifications. We will innovate the project management mechanism, establish a system of responsibility for each project, and encourage various ways to fully mobilize the enthusiasm of farmers, herdsmen, cooperatives and other entities. Support zoning and classification to explore the incentive mechanism for the distribution of operating income of state-owned forest farms to increase endogenous motivation for desertification prevention and control.
Focus on model innovation and promote model leadership.Establish a key project library for the “Three North” project, follow the principle of first easy before difficult, first urgent before slow, mature a batch and launch a batch, and do a solid job in the construction of key projects in key areas. Accelerate the construction of ecological photovoltaic integration, study and formulate development plans for photovoltaic desertification control, scientifically deploy photovoltaic projects in deserts, Gobis, and deserts, summarize and promote typical models of photovoltaic desertification control, and encourage new energy enterprises to participate in the construction of the “Three Norths” project. Actively promote ecological industrialization and industrial ecology, scientifically promote effective desert control models in Shapotou, Zhongwei, Ningxia, Minqin, Gansu, Dengkou and Kubuqi, Inner Mongolia, and Kekeya, Xinjiang, and coordinate ecological protection, restoration and resources Reasonable and appropriate utilization should fully mobilize the enthusiasm of enterprises, social groups and individuals to participate in project construction, and achieve the unity of ecological, economic and social benefits. Vigorously promote the “Three North Spirit”, increase publicity efforts, use the power of example to motivate and inspire people, and tell the Chinese story of desertification prevention and control in the new era. Strengthen international treaty implementation and international cooperation, and support desertification prevention and control in countries along the Belt and Road Initiative.
Focus on technological innovation and strive to solve the “stuck neck” problem.Research and deploy key scientific and technological projects in the “Three North” engineering projects, implement systems such as “unveiling the list and taking charge”, and support major basic and applied research on desertification prevention and control. Strengthen monitoring and supervision, build an integrated “sky and ground” monitoring system, and comprehensively implement annual tasks for afforestation, grass planting, and desertification control. Carry out the construction of demonstration forest farms and support nurseries in the “Three North” project area, strengthen the selection and breeding of drought-resistant forest and grass species, develop mechanical equipment such as grass grid setting and shrub stubble smoothing, and promote effective management technologies and models. Promote water-saving and drought-resistant technologies such as sprinkler irrigation and seepage irrigation, and widely use water-saving methods such as film mulching to improve ecological water efficiency.
Bravely undertake new historical missions and show a new atmosphere of practical work. The forestry and grassland system will continue to thoroughly study and practice Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, especially Xi Jinping Thought on Ecological Civilization, fully implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech on the construction of the “Three Norths” project, and resolutely lay a good foundation for the “Three Norths” project. “North” project to comprehensively promote the high-quality development of forestry and grassland work, and make new contributions to building a beautiful China and realizing the modernization of harmonious coexistence between man and nature.