Xinhua News Agency, Fuzhou, November 5 Title: The road to prosperity from regenerated rice—Autumn harvest experience in Pucheng, the “Granary of Fujian”
Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Huaying
Harvesters shuttle back and forth in the rice fields, cutting, threshing, and crushing stalks. With the roar of the machines, the heavy ears of rice turn into golden and plump rice grains… In the autumn harvest season, enter Nanping, Fujian Province In the fields of Pucheng County, the air is filled with the fragrance of rice.
This is an agricultural operator driving a harvester to harvest rice in a rice field in Shipi Town, Pucheng County.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Huaying
“After harvesting in Pucheng, there will be rice in Fuzhou.” Pucheng County, located in the mountainous area of northern Fujian, is known as the “Granary of Fujian”. The annual rice planting area is stable at more than 420,000 acres, with a total output of about 200,000 tons. At present, more than 70,000 acres of regenerated rice in Pucheng County are gradually entering the maturity stage.
Ratooning rice is a kind of rice that is harvested twice in one crop. After the first crop of rice is harvested, the surviving dormant buds on the rice piles are used to grow another crop of rice under suitable environmental conditions such as moisture, temperature, and light, and then harvest another crop of rice. . In recent days, taking advantage of the fine weather, Chen Zhaowu, a major grain grower in Shenming Village, Shipi Town, Pucheng County, is busy harvesting the second crop of rice.
“Now the planting and harvesting of ratoon rice have basically been fully mechanized. The first crop of rice was harvested in mid-August this year, with a yield of 750 kilograms per mu. The second crop of rice can almost harvest more than 300 kilograms, and the total yield per mu exceeds one ton.” The harvest is imminent. Chen Zhaowu was all smiles.
Since the trial planting in February 2020, the area of ratoon rice planted by Chen Zhaowu has increased from 1,000 acres to 3,500 acres today. Under his leadership, more than 100 farmers in Shipi Town have joined the regeneration rice planting team, with a planting area of more than 15,000 acres.
“Seeing that the rice seedlings were planted sparsely, I was a little ‘feared’ that there would be no yield at first.” Qiu He, a villager in Shanshanxia Village, Shipi Town, who is over 60 years old, is an “expert” in growing rice, and he is determined to give it a try, 2021 In 2010, he tried planting 30 acres of regeneration rice. The effect of the trial planting was beyond his expectation. “One transplanting and two harvests not only save labor and time, but also have a higher yield than single-crop rice.” The next year, Qiu He expanded the planting area of ratoon rice to 80 acres. .
The high yield of ratoon rice is inseparable from the help of science and technology. When to raise, transplant and apply fertilizer, how to prevent diseases and pests in advance, how to manage water and fertilizer… Ma Fanghua, a large grain grower in Linjiang Town, Pucheng County, said that with the help of the Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University and Pucheng County agricultural technicians, he The yield per mu of grown ratoon rice has increased from 875 kilograms in 2018 to 1,025 kilograms in 2022; the net profit per mu has also increased from more than 100 yuan to more than 700 yuan now.
“Lao Chen, now is a critical period for sowing rapeseed with a short growth period. We must seize the time to level the land, apply fertilizer, and sow seeds.” After receiving a call from Zheng Li, the director of the Agricultural Technology Station of the Pucheng County Agriculture and Rural Affairs Bureau and a senior agronomist, Chen Zhaowu Immediately start arranging agricultural machinery to sow rapeseed.
Chen Zhaowu shows off rapeseed seedlings grown in greenhouses.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Huaying
Ditching, ridging, sowing, covering with soil, fertilizing… After multiple processes, rapeseed is sown ridge after ridge. “Short-growing period rapeseed is sown in November and can be harvested in April of the following year. It will not affect the sowing of regenerated rice.” Chen Zhaowu said that since last year, under the guidance of Pucheng County agricultural technicians, he has adopted a “rice + oil” crop rotation method. Staggered peak planting further improves agricultural production efficiency.
Liu Yongbin, director of the Pucheng County Rural Revitalization and Development Center, said that in the future, Pucheng will continue to increase support for ratoon rice production, accelerate the construction of high-standard farmland, encourage large-scale land transfer, and strive to have the county’s ratoon rice planting area exceed 100,000 acres by 2025. , to better drive people’s income increase and rural revitalization.