Sipping tea among flowers, burning incense and painting, drinking alone under the moon, playing the piano by the window… The poetic and elegant slow life is a portrayal of the life of ancient literati. Today, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Museum (hereinafter referred to as the Guangxi Museum) launches three new permanent exhibitions, which are connected with the keyword “literati”. By carefully planning the exhibition flow and skillfully designing the exhibition format, they create a “borderless” exhibition. exhibition hall.
On November 3, reporters followed the exhibition creators to visit the exhibition in advance, and through each precious cultural relic, they could appreciate the elegant life of ancient literati.
1. Calligraphy and painting works tell stories of literati
In ancient times, literati painters generally referred to literati and scholar-bureaucrats who had certain attainments in painting. If you want to find the “footprints” of literati painters, you can visit “Predecessors of the Picture Society – Exhibition of Works by Ming and Qing Literati Painters in the Museum” in Exhibition Hall 8 .
Jiaqing’s “Guangxi General Chronicle”
This exhibition is divided into four parts: “Understanding Shadows at Home”, “Searching for Confidants at Elegant Gatherings”, “Learning Solitary Sounds in the Bustling City” and “Hearing Voices in the Valley”. It uses different locations such as study rooms, elegant gatherings, painting markets, and mountains and forests. Starting from the experience, hobbies, historical background and other details of calligraphers and painters, it reveals an overview of the development of literati paintings in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
The exhibition displays a total of 44 pieces (sets) of calligraphy and painting works by literati from the collection, including the scroll of “Bamboo and Stone Pictures” by Zheng Xie in the Qing Dynasty, the album of “Landscape Figures” by Jin Nong in the Qing Dynasty, and the fan pages of “Lotus Pictures” by Yun Shouping in the Qing Dynasty. One of them, a 6.7-meter-long Ming Dynasty “Chibi Fu” in cursive script, was written by Wen Jia, the son of Wen Zhengming. This work is also the first full volume display in the Guangxi Museum.
Lan Wufang, the main creator of the exhibition and research librarian of the Guangxi Museum, said that the key to planning a calligraphy and painting exhibition is to shorten the distance between the audience and the calligraphy and painting works. He hopes that the audience will have a deeper understanding of the world of literati painters through this exhibition.
2. Study utensils show the elegance of ancient people
The exhibition “Easy Utensils and Interesting – Display of Library Utensils in the Collection” located in Hall 9, displays a total of 188 pieces (sets) of exhibits, including rare brushes, exquisite inkstones and other cultural relics from the collection that are making their debut. The office supplies that are both functional and interesting make the audience feel like they have entered a study room.
Exquisite stationery supplies
“From determined to study hard, to becoming an official in the court, and even living in seclusion, the study supplies accompanied the life of ancient literati.” Shen Jing, the main creator of the exhibition and a librarian of the Guangxi Museum, introduced that the exhibition uses “Jielu Renjing” and “The Elegant Interests of Ancient Sages” “The three parts of “I am content with things” construct the study scene space and spiritual world view space of ancient literati, highlighting the historical, aesthetic and academic value of study utensils in it.
The exhibition hall specially restores the scene of the ancient study room
Today, antiquities are not often found, but the elegance and interest are still there. Scholarship utensils are not only highly ornamental and playable, they are also the carrier and component of traditional Chinese culture and art. Shen Jing recommended that the exhibition hall specially restored the scene of the ancient study room, and the audience can come to take photos, taste and appreciate the artifacts.
It is worth mentioning that the “Borderless” exhibition hall is one of the three new permanent exhibition highlights of the Guangxi Museum. The three exhibitions are independent of each other, but integrated into one. Among them, a leisurely vestibule is set up at the entrance of the “Easy Utensils Are Interesting” exhibition, which serves as a gathering area for the three exhibitions. Visitors can choose different visiting routes and experience different exhibition interests.
3 Guangxi Ancient Book No. 0001 makes a wonderful appearance
A piece of armor, a bronze tripod, a stone tablet, a volume of slips, a roll of silk… For thousands of years, numerous volumes of ancient books have gone through the vicissitudes of time. Although its shape continues to evolve, it always maintains the aesthetic pursuit of simplicity, dignity, dignity and elegance. The “Ten Thousand Volumes Scholars – Exhibition of Ancient Books in the Collection” exhibition located in Hall 10 is the first special exhibition on ancient books after the renovation and expansion of the Guangxi Museum. It focuses on displaying and analyzing precious ancient books in the collection, ancient books with collection characteristics and Guangxi local characteristics. Highlight the documentary value and cultural relic value of the exhibits.
A total of 116 exhibits (sets) are on display in this exhibition. Huang Chun, the main creator of the exhibition and deputy research librarian of the Guangxi Museum, recommended the Western Han Dynasty’s “Conong Qi Zhi” wooden slip, “In the list of precious ancient books in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, its ‘ID’ number is 0001.” This exhibit was unearthed in Tomb No. 1 of Luobo Bay in Guixian County, Guangxi (now Guigang City) in 1976. It is the earliest known example of a document named “Zhi” in Guangxi, and it is also the earliest prototype of a Zhi book discovered in Guangxi so far.
Among the exhibits is Jiaqing’s “Guangxi Tongzhi”, which is highly praised by scholars and is known as a “model”. It was edited and compiled by Xie Qikun, the governor of Guangxi at the time. It has a total of 280 volumes. It is large in length and rich in content. The clarity and completeness of the style surpass the previous general records in Guangxi. In addition, there is also an engraving of “Hundred Scenes of Poems” written by Sun Tong and painted by Chen Yingzao in the Qing Dynasty. It is the only remaining piece of Guangxi literati’s notes, drawings and seals discovered so far. This exhibition will be the first time this cultural relic has been in the world since 1954. It is the first time to meet the audience since it was hidden in the Guangxi Museum. (Reporter Chen Lei/Wen Lai Youguang/Photo)
(Editors: Chen Lulu, Chen Libing)
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